Continuous Female Workers: How Different Are They from Other Women?
Many economists have argued that women earn less than men because they work intermittently. Although several studies have estimated the extent to which intermittent labor force participation affects women's earnings, previous research has not compared the labor market outcomes of women who work continuously to those of other women. This paper estimates a bivariate probit selection model for intermittent and continuous female workers. The results show that women who work continuously have higher levels of education and are more likely to have remained single and childless than other women. The paper also finds a large pay disparity between intermittent and continuous female workers, most of which is due to differences in measured characteristics. Implications for labor market discrimination are discussed.
Volume (Year): 19 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 (Winter)
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