IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Entropy-based performance evaluation on institutional structures of trunk highway management—Case study in China


  • Sun, Zhentian
  • Li, Xuhong
  • Qiao, Wenxin
  • Haghani, Ali


Due to the large scale highway construction and fuel tax reform, the Chinese government is suffering from serious difficulties in the Trunk Highway (TH) management (similar to arterial highways in the US). Most concerns are related to the misappropriation of funds and over-staffing. To solve these problems, an effective approach is to employ an appropriate Finance and Personnel Management Institutional Structure (FAPMIS). This paper proposes a quantitative method to evaluate the performance of FAPMIS. FAPMISs are classified into three types based on their differences: vertical management structure (VMS), regional management structure (RMS), and hybrid of vertical and regional management structure (HVRMS). These three types are represented by three different graphical structures. Based on these structures, the authors propose three measures, i.e., graph entropy (GE), time efficacy entropy (TEE) and quality entropy (QE) to evaluate the performance of FAPMIS. When comparing the numerical results among the measures, we found that HVRMS got the minimum TEE and GE values, which indicates its inefficiency in combating the misappropriation of funds and over-staffing in TH management. Thus, HVRMS is not recommended for real-life applications in China. However, VMS attains a higher GE and TEE value than RMS, indicating that VMS will theoretically lead to relatively lower risk of misappropriation of funds and over-staffing.

Suggested Citation

  • Sun, Zhentian & Li, Xuhong & Qiao, Wenxin & Haghani, Ali, 2013. "Entropy-based performance evaluation on institutional structures of trunk highway management—Case study in China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 85-91.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:27:y:2013:i:c:p:85-91
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2013.01.012

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Oliver E. Williamson, 1967. "Hierarchical Control and Optimum Firm Size," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 123-123.
    2. Hayashi, Yoshitsugu & Yang, Zhongzhen & Osman, Omar, 1998. "The effects of economic restructuring on China's system for financing transport infrastructure," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 183-195, April.
    3. Hang, Wen & Li, Xuhong, 2010. "Application of system dynamics for evaluating truck weight regulations," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 240-250, August.
    4. Bai, Chong-En & Qian, Yingyi, 2010. "Infrastructure development in China: The cases of electricity, highways, and railways," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 34-51, March.
    5. Fan, Shenggen & Chan-Kang, Connie, 2008. "Regional road development, rural and urban poverty: Evidence from China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 305-314, September.
    6. Oberg, Achim & Walgenbach, Peter, 2008. "Hierarchical structures of communication in a network organization," Scandinavian Journal of Management, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 183-198, September.
    7. Giachetti, Ronald E. & Martinez, Luis D. & Saenz, Oscar A. & Chen, Chin-Sheng, 2003. "Analysis of the structural measures of flexibility and agility using a measurement theoretical framework," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 47-62, October.
    8. Kaberger, Tomas & Mansson, Bengt, 2001. "Entropy and economic processes -- physics perspectives," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 165-179, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Sun, Zhentian & Li, Xuhong & Xie, Yuanchang, 2014. "A comparison of innovative financing and general fiscal investment strategies for second-class highways: Perspectives for building a sustainable financing strategy," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 193-201.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:27:y:2013:i:c:p:85-91. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.