Impacts of alternative vehicle fuel policies on Canadian energy demand and emissions
Laboratory studies have provided evidences regarding the impacts of engine technology on vehicle emissions; however, questions remain regarding the relations between alternative vehicle fuels and on-road vehicle emissions as well as energy demands from upstream fuel production processes to end-use across spatial and temporal dimensions. This study attempted to apply a system simulation model for investigating investigate the impact of alternative vehicle fuel policies, on the energy demand and GHG emissions in transport sector level and national level through the introduction of higher fuel efficiency engines for on-road vehicles. The model with a calibration period from 1976 to 2005 simulates the future change by 2050. The results indicate that the introduction of new engines with alternative energy will substantially reduce energy demand and GHG emissions from road transport sector, but it might result in different impacts on national total energy demand and GHG emissions. Using a non-fossil energy source to generate hydrogen may significantly reduce national total energy demand and GHG emissions; while conventional fossil energy sources may raise total national energy demand with a limited reduction of national total GHG emissions on comparison with hybrid engine scenario.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 21 (2012)
Issue (Month): C ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/30473/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Cameron, I. & Lyons, T. J. & Kenworthy, J. R., 2004. "Trends in vehicle kilometres of travel in world cities, 1960-1990: underlying drivers and policy responses," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 287-298, July.
- Rubin, Edward S. & Chen, Chao & Rao, Anand B., 2007. "Cost and performance of fossil fuel power plants with CO2 capture and storage," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 4444-4454, September.
- Sims, Ralph E. H. & Rogner, Hans-Holger & Gregory, Ken, 2003. "Carbon emission and mitigation cost comparisons between fossil fuel, nuclear and renewable energy resources for electricity generation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(13), pages 1315-1326, October.
- Jacobsson, Staffan & Johnson, Anna, 2000. "The diffusion of renewable energy technology: an analytical framework and key issues for research," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(9), pages 625-640, July.
- Demirbas, Ayhan, 2007. "Importance of biodiesel as transportation fuel," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 4661-4670, September.
- Offer, G.J. & Howey, D. & Contestabile, M. & Clague, R. & Brandon, N.P., 2010. "Comparative analysis of battery electric, hydrogen fuel cell and hybrid vehicles in a future sustainable road transport system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 24-29, January.
- Ventosa, Mariano & Baillo, Alvaro & Ramos, Andres & Rivier, Michel, 2005. "Electricity market modeling trends," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 897-913, May.
- Tol, Richard S. J., 2005. "The marginal damage costs of carbon dioxide emissions: an assessment of the uncertainties," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(16), pages 2064-2074, November.
- Kean, Andrew J. & Harley, Robert A. & Kendall, Gary R., 2003. "Effects of Vehicle Speed and Engine Load on Motor Vehicle Emissions," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt01x9w3kf, University of California Transportation Center.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:21:y:2012:i:c:p:92-100. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shamier, Wendy)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.