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Urban mobility: A comparative analysis of megacities of India


  • Sudhakara Reddy, B.
  • Balachandra, P.


The increasing reliance on motorized mobility in the cities is unsustainable considering the fast-depleting fossil fuel resources and the associated impact on global climate change. The consequences are more serious for India since it relies largely on imported crude oil for its mobility. To have a greater understanding of the urban transportation system, this paper presents trends and patterns of urban mobility and the consequent impacts on energy and environment in India. The analysis has been carried out for road transport across 23 metropolitan cities during the period 1981–2005. The study explores the underlying relationship among three variables—energy intensity, mode of transport and passenger kilometers traveled. Patterns of energy consumption and CO2 emissions, in private and public transport, are examined. The study makes policy recommendations to reduce transport energy use and emissions for achieving sustainable urban mobility.

Suggested Citation

  • Sudhakara Reddy, B. & Balachandra, P., 2012. "Urban mobility: A comparative analysis of megacities of India," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 152-164.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:21:y:2012:i:c:p:152-164
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.02.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pucher, John & Korattyswaropam, Nisha & Mittal, Neha & Ittyerah, Neenu, 2005. "Urban transport crisis in India," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 185-198, May.
    2. Schafer, Andreas, 1998. "The global demand for motorized mobility," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 455-477, August.
    3. Jochem van der Waals, 2000. "The compact city and the environment: a review," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 91(2), pages 111-121, May.
    4. Kenworthy, Jeffrey R. & Laube, Felix B., 1999. "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(7-8), pages 691-723.
    5. Vasconcellos, Eduardo A., 1997. "The demand for cars in developing countries," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 245-258, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dhar, Subash & Shukla, Priyadarshi R., 2015. "Low carbon scenarios for transport in India: Co-benefits analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 186-198.
    2. H. Chanakya & Durga Mahapatra & R. Sarada & R. Abitha, 2013. "Algal biofuel production and mitigation potential in India," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 113-136, January.
    3. Ahmad, Sohail & Puppim de Oliveira, Jose A., 2016. "Determinants of urban mobility in India: Lessons for promoting sustainable and inclusive urban transportation in developing countries," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 106-114.
    4. Rahman, Syed & Balijepalli, Chandra, 2016. "Understanding the determinants of demand for public transport: Evidence from suburban rail operations in five divisions of Indian Railways," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 13-22.
    5. Suman, Hemant K. & Bolia, Nomesh B. & Tiwari, Geetam, 2017. "Comparing public bus transport service attributes in Delhi and Mumbai: Policy implications for improving bus services in Delhi," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 63-74.

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    Energy; Environment; Intensity; Mobility; Transport;


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