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Sustainable Bus Rapid Transit initiatives in India: The role of decisive leadership and strong institutions


  • Ponnaluri, Raj V.


The Government of India's Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission is instrumental in providing policy, financial, and institutional support to meet the growing needs of urban agglomerations (UAs). In addition to discussing the recently implemented Delhi Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system and the Indore Busway project, which served to renew the nation's interest in public transport, this work presents a case brief from three UAs for which the author prepared detailed project reports on the BRT systems. This paper highlights the role of leadership and institutions in the successful completion of feasibility studies (Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada), the process delays (Hyderabad), planned implementation (Visakhapatnam), full-scale operationalization (Indore), and the problems caused by quick deployment (Delhi), the last of which has led to a national debate on BRT viability in India. In conclusion, this work brings to the fore the felt need for a decisive leadership and strong institutions in evolving sustainable public transport solutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Ponnaluri, Raj V., 2011. "Sustainable Bus Rapid Transit initiatives in India: The role of decisive leadership and strong institutions," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 269-275, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:18:y:2011:i:1:p:269-275

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pucher, John & Korattyswaropam, Nisha & Mittal, Neha & Ittyerah, Neenu, 2005. "Urban transport crisis in India," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 185-198, May.
    2. Badami, Madhav G. & Haider, Murtaza, 2007. "An analysis of public bus transit performance in Indian cities," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(10), pages 961-981, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rizvi, Andrea & Sclar, Elliott, 2014. "Implementing bus rapid transit: A tale of two Indian cities," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 194-204.


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