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L'usage de l'automobile et la structure spatiale en Chine : le modèle de ville compacte en question

Author

Listed:
  • Guillaume POUYANNE

    () (GREThA, UMR CNRS 5113, Université de Bordeaux)

  • Laëtitia GUILHOT

    () (CREG, EA 4625, Université Grenoble Alpes)

  • André MEUNIÉ

    () (GREThA, UMR CNRS 5113, Université de Bordeaux)

Abstract

Une littérature sur le modèle de « ville compacte » – c’est-à-dire une ville dense aux usages mixtes – s’est largement développée ces dernières années comme pouvant consti-tuer une « forme urbaine durable » dans les pays occidentaux. La question se pose de savoir dans quelle mesure un tel raisonnement est transposable à la Chine. Après avoir discuté la notion de ville compacte, nous présentons dans ce cadre les caractéristiques des villes chinoises : leurs densités élevées et un certain degré de mixité des fonctions, com-binés à un pouvoir urbain fort et à la propriété publique du sol. Toutefois, les tendances récentes (étalement urbain, motorisation) en Chine indiquent à quel point le changement est rapide et converge vers le modèle occidental. Nous testons la validité du modèle de ville compacte et de ses impacts sur la mobilité quotidienne dans le cas chinois. Il apparaît, en accord avec la littérature, que de fortes densités et un développement polycentrique induisent un usage moindre de l’automobile et une réduction de la pollution atmosphé-rique.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume POUYANNE & Laëtitia GUILHOT & André MEUNIÉ, 2018. "L'usage de l'automobile et la structure spatiale en Chine : le modèle de ville compacte en question," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 48, pages 105-120.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:48:y:2018:p:105-120
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ville compacte ; Dépendance automobile ; Forme urbaine ; Mobilité quotidienne;

    JEL classification:

    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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