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Death by a thousand curb-cuts: Evidence on the effect of minimum parking requirements on the choice to drive


  • Weinberger, Rachel


Little research has been done to understand the effect of guaranteed parking at home—in a driveway or garage—on mode choice. The research presented here systematically examines neighborhoods in the three New York City boroughs for which residential, off-street parking is possible but potentially scarce. The research is conducted in two stages. Stage one is based on a Google Earth© survey of over 2000 properties paired with the City’s tax lot database. The survey and tax lot information serve as the basis to estimate on-site parking for New York City neighborhoods. With parking availability estimated, a generalized linear model using census tracts as the unit of analysis, is used to estimate the maximum likelihood parameters that predict the proportion of residents who drive to work in the Manhattan Core.

Suggested Citation

  • Weinberger, Rachel, 2012. "Death by a thousand curb-cuts: Evidence on the effect of minimum parking requirements on the choice to drive," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 93-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:20:y:2012:i:c:p:93-102
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2011.08.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John Golias & George Yannis & Michel Harvatis, 2002. "Off-Street Parking Choice Sensitivity," Transportation Planning and Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(4), pages 333-348, January.
    2. Watters, Paul & O'Mahony, Margaret & Caulfield, Brian, 2006. "Response to cash outs for work place parking and work place parking charges," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 503-510, November.
    3. Arnott, Richard & Inci, Eren, 2006. "An integrated model of downtown parking and traffic congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 418-442, November.
    4. Shoup, Donald C., 1995. "Cashing out Employer-Paid Parking: An Opportunity to Reduce Minimum Parking Requirements," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4jg417cw, University of California Transportation Center.
    5. Arnott, Richard & Rowse, John, 2009. "Downtown parking in auto city," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 1-14, January.
    6. Rachel Weinberger & Frank Goetzke, 2010. "Unpacking Preference: How Previous Experience Affects Auto Ownership in the United States," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(10), pages 2111-2128, September.
    7. Andrew Kelly, J. & Peter Clinch, J., 2006. "Influence of varied parking tariffs on parking occupancy levels by trip purpose," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 487-495, November.
    8. Kelly, J. Andrew & Clinch, J. Peter, 2009. "Temporal variance of revealed preference on-street parking price elasticity," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 193-199, August.
    9. repec:ucp:bkecon:9781884829987 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Albert, Gila & Mahalel, David, 2006. "Congestion tolls and parking fees: A comparison of the potential effect on travel behavior," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 496-502, November.
    11. Aldridge, K. & Carreno, M. & Ison, S. & Rye, T. & Straker, I., 2006. "Car parking management at airports: A special case?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 511-521, November.
    12. Marsden, Greg, 2006. "The evidence base for parking policies--a review," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 447-457, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Quanquan & Conway, Alison & Cheng, Jialei, 2017. "Parking for residential delivery in New York City: Regulations and behavior," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 53-60.
    2. repec:kap:transp:v:44:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s11116-016-9702-x is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Shengyuan Zhang & Jimin Zhao, 2016. "Low-Carbon Futures for Shenzhen’s Urban Passenger Transport System," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2016-33, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Jun 2016.
    4. Christiansen, Petter & Engebretsen, Øystein & Fearnley, Nils & Usterud Hanssen, Jan, 2017. "Parking facilities and the built environment: Impacts on travel behaviour," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 198-206.
    5. repec:eee:transb:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:107-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Frederick Guy, 2013. "Small, Local and Cheap? Walkable and Car-oriented Retail in Competition," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 425-442, February.


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