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Applying spatial-temporal analysis and retail location theory to public bikes site selection in Taipei

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  • Wang, Jenhung
  • Tsai, Ching-Hui
  • Lin, Pei-Chun

Abstract

In order to turn Taipei into a sustainable, green metropolis, in 2009, the Department of Transportation of Taipei City Government launched a public bike rental system (YouBike) to meet people’s daily commute and/or leisure needs. Given that users may return bikes to sites differing from their starting locations, rental stations frequently lack bikes or bike racks. This study sought to identify lacking-bike and/or lacking-bike rack hot spots utilizing spatial-temporal analysis. In addition, it applied retail location theory to determine site selection of further rental stations. Historical data indicated that shortage of bikes was much more severe than shortage of bike racks in the YouBike public bike system and lacking-bike and lacking-bike rack hot spots were clustered significantly. The study demonstrated that spatial-temporal analysis can be used to effectively identify rental stations’ spatial patterns, determine the most suitable locations for further installation of rental stations, help to provide public bike users with a more effective rental system, and greatly assist public bikes’ operational management and decision-making in Taiwan.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Jenhung & Tsai, Ching-Hui & Lin, Pei-Chun, 2016. "Applying spatial-temporal analysis and retail location theory to public bikes site selection in Taipei," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 45-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:94:y:2016:i:c:p:45-61
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.08.025
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    References listed on IDEAS

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