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Accommodating variations in responsiveness to level-of-service measures in travel mode choice modeling

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  • Bhat, Chandra R.

Abstract

An individual's responsiveness to level-of-service variables affects her or his travel mode choice for a trip. This responsiveness will, in general, vary across individuals based on observed (to an analyst) and unobserved (to an analyst) individual characteristics. The current paper formulates a multinomial-logit based model of travel mode choice that accommodates variations in responsiveness to level-of-service measures due to both observed and unobserved individual characteristics in a comprehensive manner. The choice probabilities in the resulting model are evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation techniques and the model parameters are estimated using a maximum simulated likelihood approach. The model is applied to examine the impact of improved rail service on weekday, business travel in the Toronto--Montreal corridor. The empirical results show that not accounting adequately for variations in responsiveness across individuals leads to a statistically inferior data fit and also to inappropriate evaluations of policy actions aimed at improving inter-city transportation services.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhat, Chandra R., 1998. "Accommodating variations in responsiveness to level-of-service measures in travel mode choice modeling," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 495-507, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:32:y:1998:i:7:p:495-507
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    1. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1992. "On Efficiency of Methods of Simulated Moments and Maximum Simulated Likelihood Estimation of Discrete Response Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(04), pages 518-552, December.
    2. Train, Kenneth E & McFadden, Daniel L & Goett, Andrew A, 1987. "Consumer Attitudes and Voluntary Rate Schedules for Public Utilities," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(3), pages 383-391, August.
    3. Ben-Akiva, M. & Bolduc, D. & Bradley, M., 1993. "Estimation of Travel Choice Models with Randomly Distributed Values of Time," Papers 9303, Laval - Recherche en Energie.
    4. Gary Chamberlain, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 225-238.
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