A combined traveler behavior and system performance model with advanced traveler information systems
The goal of this paper is to develop a framework for evaluating the effect of Advanced Traveler Information Systems. The framework uses a composite traffic assignment model which combines a probabilistic traveler behavior model of route diversion and a queuing model to evaluate Advanced Traveler Information Systems impacts under incident conditions. The composite assignment model considers three types of travelers: those who are unequipped with electronic devices, i.e. they do not have Advanced Traveler Information Systems or radio in their vehicles; those who receive delay information from radio only; and those who access Advanced Traveler Information Systems only. The unequipped travelers are able to observe incident-induced congestion, if the congestion reaches or exceeds their decision point. The composite model assigns travelers with Advanced Traveler Information Systems to the shortest travel time route. Travelers with radio information and those who can observe the congestion are assigned according to a behavioral model calibrated on revealed preference data. Travelers who are completely unaware of the incident-induced congestion are assigned to their usual route. The unique feature of the composite model is the integration of realistic traveler behavior with system performance while accounting for the effect of real-time travel information. To demonstrate the application of the composite model, we consider the evolution of queues on a two link network with an incident bottleneck. The findings indicate that the overall system performance, measured by average travel time, improves marginally with increased market penetration of Advanced Traveler Information Systems. However, the benefits of Advanced Traveler Information Systems under incident conditions are expected to be marginal when there is more 'information' available to travelers through their own observation or radio. Specifically, delay information received through radio and from observation of incident-induced congestion induces people to divert earlier causing the network to operate closer to system optimal than user equilibrium. This limits the potential benefits of Advanced Traveler Information Systems.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 32 (1998)
Issue (Month): 7 (September)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/547/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gardes, Yonnel & Haldors, Bruce & May, Adolf D., 1991. "Model Selection And Initial Application Of CONTRAM Model For Evaluating In-vehicle Information Systems," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt37s9526g, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
- Mannering, Fred L., 1989. "Poisson analysis of commuter flexibility in changing routes and departure times," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 53-60, February.
- Arnott, R. & de Palma, A. & Lindsey, R., 1990. "Departure time and route choice for the morning commute," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 209-228, June.
- Kanafani, A. & Al-Deek, H., 1991. "A simple model for route guidance benefits," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 191-201, August.
- Gardes, Yonnel & May, Adolf D., 1990. "Traffic Modeling To Evaluate Potential Benefits Of Advanced Traffic Management And In-vehicle Information Systems In A Freeway/Arterial Corridor," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt70c6600f, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:32:y:1998:i:7:p:479-493. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shamier, Wendy)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.