The International Comparison Project as a source of private consumption data for a global input-output model
In 1989 a major project entitled "Strategies for Environmentally Sound Economic Decelopment" was inaugurated under the sponsorship of the United Nations. This project is designed to identify ways of alleviating pressures on the global environment and, at the same time, raise the standard of living of the poorest countries. The central component of its analytical framework is a dynamic global input-output model (GIOM) that describes trade between 15 regions in about 50 commodities, taking as its starting point the well known 1977 World Input-Output Model of Leontief, Carter and Petri. The purpose of the present paper is twofold. Firstly, it describes a contribution to the compilation of a database for the GIOM. In particular, it draws on data collected by the United Nations' International Comparison Project (ICP) to provide estimates of private consumption expenditure for 1980, the base period for the model. Secondly, it uses these estimates as a case study to examine the implications of using different price systems for each country, rather than a common set of prices, to determine expenditures on composite commodities. In preparing data for multisectoral global models, it is common practice to collect expenditure data evaluated in local (national) prices and convert to world prices using published exchange rates. The analysis of this paper suggests that, when commodities produced in different countries are treated as perfect substitutes in the model, the practice may seriously compromise the model's results.
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- Leontief, Wassily, 1977. "The future of the world economy+," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 171-182.
- Meagher, G. A., 1995.
"The International Comparison Project as a source of private consumption data for a global input-output model,"
Structural Change and Economic Dynamics,
Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 111-132, March.
- G.A. Meagher, 1993. "The International Comparison Project as a Source of Private Consumption Data for a Global Input-Output Model," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers ip-62, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
- John Whalley, 1984. "Trade Liberalization among Major World Trading Areas," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262231204, June.
- Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1990.
"The International Comparison Program: Current Status and Problems,"
NBER Working Papers
3304, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1991. "The International Comparison Program: Current Status and Problems," NBER Chapters, in: International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research, pages 437-468 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Duchin, Faye & Lange, Glenn-Marie, 1995. "The Future of the Environment: Ecological Economics and Technological Change," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195085747, March.
- Jean-Marc Burniaux & François Delorme & Ian Lienert & John P. Martin, 1990. "Walras - A Multi-Sector, Multi-Country Applied General Equilibrium Model for Quantifying the Economy-Wide Effects of Agricultural Policies: A Technical Manual," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 84, OECD Publishing.
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