What happened to the Washington Consensus? The evolution of international development policy
The term "Washington Consensus", as Williamson the father of the term conceived it, in 1989, was a set of reforms for economic development that he judged "Washington" could agree were required in Latin America. However, the Washington Consensus has been identified as a neoliberal manifesto and calls were made for the implementation of a different set of policies, which took the form of the "Augmented Washington Consensus". Lately, Williamson offered a new set of policies the "After the Washington Consensus". The aim of this paper is to investigate the different interpretations and alternatives of this controversial set of policies, and to reveal the historical evolution of the implemented policies for international development.
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Volume (Year): 38 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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- Williamson, John, 2000. "What Should the World Bank Think about the Washington Consensus?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 251-264, August.
- John Marangos, 2007. "Was Shock Therapy Consistent with the Washington Consensus?," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 49(1), pages 32-58, March.
- John Williamson, 2004. "The strange history of the Washington consensus," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 27(2), pages 195-206, December.
- Dow, Sheila, 2002. "Economic Methodology: An Inquiry," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198776123.
- Rod Cross & Douglas Strachan, 2001. "Three Pillars of Conventional Wisdom," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 181-200.
- Gore, Charles, 2000. "The Rise and Fall of the Washington Consensus as a Paradigm for Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 789-804, May.
- John Williamson, 2007. "Shock Therapy and the Washington Consensus: A Comment," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 49(1), pages 59-60, March.
- Srinivasan, T N, 2000. "The Washington Consensus a Decade Later: Ideology and the Art and Science of Policy Advice," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 265-270, August.
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