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Вашингтонски Консензус И Деиндустријализација Источне И Југоисточне Европе
[Washington’s Consensus and Disindustrialization of the Eastern and South-Eastern Europe]


  • Bukvić, Rajko


English. The paper considers the problems of the results of the reforms in so called post-comunist countries, they on Washington’s consensus are based. Them caracterise mostly three key points – privatization, deregulation and macroeconomic stability. Except the little cases, this countries realized deep and long-run economic fall, followed by similar processes in other spheres. Contrary to ordinary opinions that tranzition crisis show as result of inconsistency in reforms taking, the paper says this is normaly its result. As an analogue is the Morgenthau’s plan for West Germany observed, that has promoted Germany to industrial disarmament, and that would lead to its poverty and its transformation into raw material basis for the developed economies, and according to these to impossibility of survival of the existing number of population. Fortunately for the Germany, after scrupulous analysis Morgenthau’s plan was abandonen and Marshall’s plan was introduced. It lead to industrial renewal of Germany. For the countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe it is necessary the same: abandon neoliberal konception based on Washington consensus and implement conception of industrialization. Serbian. У раду се разматрају резултати остварени током дводеценијског спровођења реформи у тзв. посткомунистичким земљама, заснованих на Вашингтонском консензусу, односно прев свега на његовим трима кључним тачкама – приватизација, дерегулација и макроекономска стабилизација. Уз мање изузетке, ове земље забележиле су дубок и дуготрајан економски пад, праћен негативним процесима и у другим сферама. Насупрот уобичајеним мишљењима да је дугогодишња транзициона криза резултат недоследности у спровођењу реформи, у раду се истиче да је она управо супротно њихов закономеран резултат и да другачије и није могло да буде. Као аналог истиче се Моргентауов план за Западну Немачку, којим је након Другог светског рата било предвиђено да Немачка буде индустријски разоружана, што би водило њеном сиромашењу и претварању у сировински додатак другим развијеним привредама, и што би сходно томе условило немогућност опстанка њеног тадашњег броја становника. На срећу по Немачку, Моргентауов план је након скрупулозне анализе напуштен и замењен Маршаловим планом који јој је обезбедио индустријску обнову. И за земље источне и југоисточне Европе потребно је исто: напуштање (неолибералне) концепције засноване на Вашингтонском консензусу који их је деиндустријализовао и примена концепције (ре)индустријализације.

Suggested Citation

  • Bukvić, Rajko, 2012. "Вашингтонски Консензус И Деиндустријализација Источне И Југоисточне Европе [Washington’s Consensus and Disindustrialization of the Eastern and South-Eastern Europe]," MPRA Paper 86200, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:86200

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anatoly A. Sobchak, 1991. "Transition to a Market Economy," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 11(2), pages 195-214, Fall.
    2. Marangos, John, 2009. "What happened to the Washington Consensus? The evolution of international development policy," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 197-208, January.
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    More about this item


    Transition; disindustrialization; Washington consensus; Morgenthau’s plan; Marshall’s plan; tranzition crisis; development Транзиција; деиндустријализација; Вашингтонски консензус; Моргентауов план; Маршалов план; транзициона криза; развој;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform


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