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Is the M&A announcement effect different across Europe? More evidences from continental Europe and the UK

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  • Mateev, Miroslav

Abstract

The United Kingdom (UK) and Continental Europe are two of the most dynamic markets for mergers and acquisitions in the world. Using a sample of 2823 European acquisitions announced between 2002 and 2010, we investigate the effect of M&A announcements on stock returns of acquiring companies located in Continental Europe and the UK. The analysis is based on characteristics of takeover transactions such as method of payment, listing status of the target company, geographic scope (cross-border vs. domestic), industry relatedness of the bidding and the target company, amongst other factors. We find that European bidders earn positive abnormal returns both in cross-border and domestic acquisitions, and there is a significant difference between the abnormal returns of stock and cash deals, and between acquisitions of listed and unlisted target companies. However, the cross-border wealth effects are not significantly different between the UK and Continental Europe. We find that bidding firm’s shareholders gain more in equity than in cash offers if they are located in the UK and if they acquire unlisted targets. Cash bids for listed targets are associated with higher abnormal returns for bidders located in Continental Europe. We do not find supportive evidence that industry diversification destroys value for shareholders of both Continental European and the UK bidders.

Suggested Citation

  • Mateev, Miroslav, 2017. "Is the M&A announcement effect different across Europe? More evidences from continental Europe and the UK," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 190-216.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:riibaf:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:190-216
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ribaf.2017.02.001
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    Keywords

    Mergers and acquisitions; Cross-border takeovers; Bid premium; Corporate governance;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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