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Scope and patterns of innovation cooperation in Spanish service enterprises


  • Trigo, Alexandre
  • Vence, Xavier


Examining 2148 innovating service firms from the Spanish Technological Innovation Panel 2004, this paper utilizes Latent Class Analysis to appraise the scope of innovation cooperation in services in the Spanish economy, in accordance with the growing weight of external information flows throughout innovation processes. The empirical evidence indicates that the nature of the service activity affects both the partner chosen and the cooperation intensity. The results lead to the creation of a typology of cooperation composed of three broad profiles: service firms intensive in techno-scientific cooperation, intensive in interactions with clients and a profile with low intensity in cooperation, called lonely innovators. The probability that a firm belongs to the latter profile is 59%, which makes it reasonable to affirm that innovation cooperation is not a common practice in Spanish innovating service enterprises. Innovation output variables have been included in order to examine the relationship between patterns of cooperation and innovation performance. The findings also underline the co-existence of different cooperation patterns within the same industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Trigo, Alexandre & Vence, Xavier, 2012. "Scope and patterns of innovation cooperation in Spanish service enterprises," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 602-613.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:41:y:2012:i:3:p:602-613 DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2011.10.006

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Erika Raquel Badillo & Rosina Moreno, 2016. "“Technological cooperation in Spanish firms”," AQR Working Papers 201601, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised Jan 2016.
    2. Lilian Santos & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2013. "Determinants of innovation performance of Portuguese companies: an econometric analysis by type of innovation and sector with a particular focus on Services," FEP Working Papers 494, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    3. repec:spr:scient:v:104:y:2015:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-015-1618-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Alicia Rodríguez & María Jesús Nieto, 2016. "Does R&D offshoring lead to SME growth? Different governance modes and the mediating role of innovation," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(8), pages 1734-1753, August.
    5. Esther Goya, 2014. "How Important Are Internal Knowledge Flows for Firms' Innovative Performance in Spain?," Economics & Management Discussion Papers em-dp2014-07, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    6. Edwards-Schachter, Mónica & Anlló, Guillermo & Castro-Martínez, Elena & Sánchez-Barrioluengo, Mabel & Fernández De Lucio, Ignacio, 2012. "Motives for inter-firm cooperation on R&D and innovation: empirical evidence from Argentine and Spain," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201204, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 04 Jun 2012.
    7. Diego de Queiroz Machado & José Ednilson de Oliveira Cabral & Fátima Regina Ney Matos, 2015. "Patterns in the Use of Cooperative Agents for Innovation in the Brazilian Manufacturing Industry," Brazilian Business Review, Fucape Business School, vol. 12(1), pages 104-127, January.
    8. Erika & Rosina, 2016. "“Technological cooperation in Spanish firms”," IREA Working Papers 201601, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Jan 2016.
    9. Najda-Janoszka, Marta, 2013. "Innovative Activity of Small Tourist Enterprises – Cooperation with Local Institutional Partners," MPRA Paper 52991, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Greco, Marco & Locatelli, Giorgio & Lisi, Stefano, 2017. "Open innovation in the power & energy sector: Bringing together government policies, companies’ interests, and academic essence," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 316-324.
    11. Najda-Janoszka, Marta & Kopera, Sebastian, 2013. "Exploring Barriers to Innovation in Tourism Industry – The Case of Southern Region of Poland," MPRA Paper 53980, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Matthijs Janssen & Carolina Castaldi & Alexander Alexiev, 2014. "Dynamic capabilities for service innovation: conceptualization and measurement," Working Papers 14-07, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies, revised Mar 2014.

    More about this item


    Cooperation; Innovation; Patterns of innovation; Service sector; Source of information;

    JEL classification:

    • O39 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Other
    • L80 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - General


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