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Challenges of integrating renewable energy sources to smart grids: A review


  • Eltigani, Dalia
  • Masri, Syafrudin


The deep penetration of renewable energy sources is on the cutting edge of smart grid vision. However, the variability and limited predictability of these sources have brought many technical challenges to grids. Many regulatory communities and system operators in the power sector have established grid codes to ensure proper connection of these renewable sources. This paper investigates the up-to-date methods used to enhance power system performance in the presence of a large share of renewable energy generation. In particular, two areas are addressed; the first is the techniques used for improving the wind and photovoltaic low-voltage ride-through capabilities to meet the required grid codes. The second is the contribution of these sources to the small signal stability of the power system in terms of inter-area oscillation damping.

Suggested Citation

  • Eltigani, Dalia & Masri, Syafrudin, 2015. "Challenges of integrating renewable energy sources to smart grids: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 770-780.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:52:y:2015:i:c:p:770-780
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.140

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hansen, Anca D. & Michalke, Gabriele, 2007. "Fault ride-through capability of DFIG wind turbines," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1594-1610.
    2. Shah, Rakibuzzaman & Mithulananthan, N. & Bansal, R.C., 2012. "Damping performance analysis of battery energy storage system, ultracapacitor and shunt capacitor with large-scale photovoltaic plants," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 235-244.
    3. Hansen, Anca D. & Sørensen, Poul & Iov, Florin & Blaabjerg, Frede, 2006. "Centralised power control of wind farm with doubly fed induction generators," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 935-951.
    4. de Alegría, Iñigo Martinez & Andreu, Jon & Martín, José Luis & Ibañez, Pedro & Villate, José Luis & Camblong, Haritza, 2007. "Connection requirements for wind farms: A survey on technical requierements and regulation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(8), pages 1858-1872, October.
    5. Fernández, R.D. & Battaiotto, P.E. & Mantz, R.J., 2008. "Wind farm non-linear control for damping electromechanical oscillations of power systems," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 2258-2265.
    6. Mohseni, Mansour & Islam, Syed M., 2012. "Review of international grid codes for wind power integration: Diversity, technology and a case for global standard," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 3876-3890.
    7. Domínguez-García, José Luis & Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol & Bianchi, Fernando D. & Sumper, Andreas, 2012. "Power oscillation damping supported by wind power: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4994-5006.
    8. Jun Kim & Sung Ha, 2012. "Advanced workforce management for effective customer services," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 46(6), pages 1715-1726, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:4179-4203 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Colak, Ilhami & Sagiroglu, Seref & Fulli, Gianluca & Yesilbudak, Mehmet & Covrig, Catalin-Felix, 2016. "A survey on the critical issues in smart grid technologies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 396-405.
    3. Gulin, Marko & Pavlović, Tomislav & Vašak, Mario, 2016. "Photovoltaic panel and array static models for power production prediction: Integration of manufacturers’ and on-line data," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 399-413.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p1:p:1329-1349 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:391-406 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Manditereza, Patrick Tendayi & Bansal, Ramesh, 2016. "Renewable distributed generation: The hidden challenges – A review from the protection perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1457-1465.
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:148:y:2018:i:c:p:744-755 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Moretti, M. & Djomo, S. Njakou & Azadi, H. & May, K. & De Vos, K. & Van Passel, S. & Witters, N., 2017. "A systematic review of environmental and economic impacts of smart grids," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 68(P2), pages 888-898.
    9. Ellabban, Omar & Abu-Rub, Haitham, 2016. "Smart grid customers' acceptance and engagement: An overview," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 1285-1298.
    10. Vural, Ahmet Mete, 2016. "Contribution of high voltage direct current transmission systems to inter-area oscillation damping: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 892-915.
    11. Mahmud, Nasif & Zahedi, A., 2016. "Review of control strategies for voltage regulation of the smart distribution network with high penetration of renewable distributed generation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 582-595.
    12. Bey, M. & Hamidat, A. & Benyoucef, B. & Nacer, T., 2016. "Viability study of the use of grid connected photovoltaic system in agriculture: Case of Algerian dairy farms," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 333-345.
    13. repec:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:669-680 is not listed on IDEAS


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