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A comprehensive review of low-voltage-ride-through methods for fixed-speed wind power generators


  • Moghadasi, Amirhasan
  • Sarwat, Arif
  • Guerrero, Josep M.


This paper presents a comprehensive review of various techniques employed to enhance the low voltage ride through (LVRT) capability of the fixed-speed induction generators (FSIGs)-based wind turbines (WTs), which has a non-negligible 20% contribution of the existing wind energy in the world. As the FSIG-based WT system is directly connected to the grid with no power electronic interfaces, terminal voltage or reactive power output may not be precisely controlled. Thus, various LVRT strategies based on installation of the additional supporting technologies have been proposed in the literature. Although the various individual technologies are well documented, a comparative study of existing approaches has not been reported so far. This paper attempts to fill this void by providing a comprehensive analysis of these LVRT methods for FSIG-based WTs in terms of dynamic performance, controller complexity, and economic feasibility. A novel feature of this paper is to categorize LVRT capability enhancement approaches into three main groups depending on the connection configuration: series, shunt, and series–shunt (hybrid) connections and then discuss their advantages and limitations in detail. For verification purposes, several simulations are presented in MATLAB software to demonstrate and compare the reviewed LVRT schemes. Based on the simulated results, series connection dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) and shunt connection static synchronous compensators (STATCOM) are the highly efficient LVRT capability enhancement approaches.

Suggested Citation

  • Moghadasi, Amirhasan & Sarwat, Arif & Guerrero, Josep M., 2016. "A comprehensive review of low-voltage-ride-through methods for fixed-speed wind power generators," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 823-839.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:55:y:2016:i:c:p:823-839
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.11.020

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Justo, Jackson John & Mwasilu, Francis & Jung, Jin-Woo, 2015. "Doubly-fed induction generator based wind turbines: A comprehensive review of fault ride-through strategies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 447-467.
    2. Etxegarai, Agurtzane & Eguia, Pablo & Torres, Esther & Iturregi, Araitz & Valverde, Victor, 2015. "Review of grid connection requirements for generation assets in weak power grids," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1501-1514.
    3. Mohseni, Mansour & Islam, Syed M., 2012. "Review of international grid codes for wind power integration: Diversity, technology and a case for global standard," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 3876-3890.
    4. Kyaw, Min Min & Ramachandaramurthy, V.K., 2011. "Fault ride through and voltage regulation for grid connected wind turbine," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 206-215.
    5. Nasiri, M. & Milimonfared, J. & Fathi, S.H., 2015. "A review of low-voltage ride-through enhancement methods for permanent magnet synchronous generator based wind turbines," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 399-415.
    6. Hossain, M.J. & Pota, H.R. & Ramos, R.A., 2011. "Robust STATCOM control for the stabilisation of fixed-speed wind turbines during low voltages," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 2897-2905.
    7. de Alegría, Iñigo Martinez & Andreu, Jon & Martín, José Luis & Ibañez, Pedro & Villate, José Luis & Camblong, Haritza, 2007. "Connection requirements for wind farms: A survey on technical requierements and regulation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(8), pages 1858-1872, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Niancheng Zhou & Jiafang Wu & Qianggang Wang, 2018. "Three-Phase Short-Circuit Current Calculation of Power Systems with High Penetration of VSC-Based Renewable Energy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-25, March.
    2. Honrubia-Escribano, A. & Gómez-Lázaro, E. & Fortmann, J. & Sørensen, P. & Martin-Martinez, S., 2018. "Generic dynamic wind turbine models for power system stability analysis: A comprehensive review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P2), pages 1939-1952.
    3. Wajahat Ullah Khan Tareen & Muhammad Aamir & Saad Mekhilef & Mutsuo Nakaoka & Mehdi Seyedmahmoudian & Ben Horan & Mudasir Ahmed Memon & Nauman Anwar Baig, 2018. "Mitigation of Power Quality Issues Due to High Penetration of Renewable Energy Sources in Electric Grid Systems Using Three-Phase APF/STATCOM Technologies: A Review," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(6), pages 1-41, June.
    4. Tareen, Wajahat Ullah & Mekhilef, Saad & Seyedmahmoudian, Mehdi & Horan, Ben, 2017. "Active power filter (APF) for mitigation of power quality issues in grid integration of wind and photovoltaic energy conversion system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 635-655.
    5. Moghadasi, Amirhasan & Sarwat, Arif & Guerrero, Josep M., 2016. "Multiobjective optimization in combinatorial wind farms system integration and resistive SFCL using analytical hierarchy process," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 366-382.


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