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Review of grid connection requirements for generation assets in weak power grids

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  • Etxegarai, Agurtzane
  • Eguia, Pablo
  • Torres, Esther
  • Iturregi, Araitz
  • Valverde, Victor

Abstract

The integration of variable energy sources in weak power grids poses many technical and economic challenges. Both aspects have an impact on the development of grid codes, that is worth analysing. Grid codes shall be adapted to technical constraints in the corresponding power grid, such as the network strength and the characteristics of generation technologies. This paper reviews and compares technical requirements imposed on to generation assets in countries with very distinct characteristics, in order to analyse the influence of weakness and isolation of a power grid on the interconnection conditions imposed by system operators to grid users. Current and future regulation aspects are covered.

Suggested Citation

  • Etxegarai, Agurtzane & Eguia, Pablo & Torres, Esther & Iturregi, Araitz & Valverde, Victor, 2015. "Review of grid connection requirements for generation assets in weak power grids," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1501-1514.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:41:y:2015:i:c:p:1501-1514
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.09.030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Domínguez-García, José Luis & Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol & Bianchi, Fernando D. & Sumper, Andreas, 2012. "Power oscillation damping supported by wind power: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4994-5006.
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    14. Jae-Won Chang & Gyu-Sub Lee & Hyeon-Jin Moon & Mark B. Glick & Seung-Il Moon, 2019. "Coordinated Frequency and State-of-Charge Control with Multi-Battery Energy Storage Systems and Diesel Generators in an Isolated Microgrid," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-16, April.
    15. Colmenar-Santos, Antonio & Linares-Mena, Ana-Rosa & Borge-Diez, David & Quinto-Alemany, Carlos-Domingo, 2017. "Impact assessment of electric vehicles on islands grids: A case study for Tenerife (Spain)," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 385-396.
    16. Rodrigues, E.M.G. & Osório, G.J. & Godina, R. & Bizuayehu, A.W. & Lujano-Rojas, J.M. & Catalão, J.P.S., 2016. "Grid code reinforcements for deeper renewable generation in insular energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 163-177.
    17. Susanto, Julius & Shahnia, Farhad & Ludwig, David, 2018. "A framework to technically evaluate integration of utility-scale photovoltaic plants to weak power distribution systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 231(C), pages 207-221.

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