Value relevance and the dot-com bubble of the 1990s
During the dot-com bubble of the 1990s, equity market valuation was a popular topic for investors, financial analysts and academics. Some questioned whether traditional accounting and financial information had lost its value relevance, as stocks traded at multiples of earnings well in excess of historic levels, leading Alan Greenspan to caution against “irrational exuberance.” This study examines the relation between market valuation and traditional accounting/financial information before, during and after the bubble. We confirm previous research that documents a decline in the relation between market value and traditional accounting information leading up to the bubble period. However, we also document that after the collapse of the bubble in 2000 this trend reverses. We also examine two related metrics that may provide a rational explanation for this phenomenon, including the quality of earnings, and the aggressiveness of financial analysts’ forecasts, finding some support that earnings quality may contribute to the changes in value relevance, but not the aggressiveness of analyst forecasts.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Chris Brooks & Apostolos Katsaris, 2006.
"Speculative Bubbles in the S&P 500: Was the Tech Bubble Confined to the Tech Sector?,"
ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance
icma-dp2006-07, Henley Business School, Reading University.
- Anderson, Keith & Brooks, Chris & Katsaris, Apostolos, 2010. "Speculative bubbles in the S&P 500: Was the tech bubble confined to the tech sector?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 345-361, June.
- Binswanger, Mathias, 2004. "How important are fundamentals?--Evidence from a structural VAR model for the stock markets in the US, Japan and Europe," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 185-201, April.
- Binswanger, Mathias, 2004. "Stock returns and real activity in the G-7 countries: did the relationship change during the 1980s?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 237-252, May.
- Pastor, Lubos & Veronesi, Pietro, 2006.
"Was there a Nasdaq bubble in the late 1990s?,"
Journal of Financial Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 61-100, July.
- Pietro Veronesi & Lubos Pastor, 2005. "Was There a Nasdaq Bubble in the Late 1990s?," 2005 Meeting Papers 95, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Lubos Pastor & Pietro Veronesi, 2004. "Was There a Nasdaq Bubble in the Late 1990s?," NBER Working Papers 10581, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Pástor, Luboš & Veronesi, Pietro, 2004. "Was There A Nasdaq Bubble in the Late 1990s?," CEPR Discussion Papers 4485, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Venkatachalam, Mohan & Rajgopal, Shivarum & Kotha, Suresh, 2000. "The Relevance of Traffic for Internet Stock Prices," Research Papers 1616, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
- Eli Ofek & Matthew Richardson, 2003. "DotCom Mania: The Rise and Fall of Internet Stock Prices," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(3), pages 1113-1138, 06.
- Basu, Sudipta, 1997. "The conservatism principle and the asymmetric timeliness of earnings," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 3-37, December.
- Jegadeesh, Narasimhan & Titman, Sheridan, 1993. " Returns to Buying Winners and Selling Losers: Implications for Stock Market Efficiency," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 65-91, March.
- Cooper, Michael J. & Khorana, Ajay & Osobov, Igor & Patel, Ajay & Rau, P. Raghavendra, 2005. "Managerial actions in response to a market downturn: valuation effects of name changes in the dot.com decline," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(1-2), pages 319-335, March.
- Keating, Elizabeth K. & Lys, Thomas Z. & Magee, Robert P., 2003. "Internet downturn: finding valuation factors in Spring 2000," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-3), pages 189-236, January.
- Kothari, S. P. & Shanken, Jay, 2003. "Time-series coefficient variation in value-relevance regressions: a discussion of Core, Guay, and Van Buskirk and new evidence," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-3), pages 69-87, January.
- Jean Louis, Rosmy & Eldomiaty, Tarek, 2010. "How do stock prices respond to fundamental shocks in the case of the United States? Evidence from NASDAQ and DJIA," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 310-322, August.
- Aharon, David Y. & Gavious, Ilanit & Yosef, Rami, 2010. "Stock market bubble effects on mergers and acquisitions," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 456-470, November.
- Christopher S Armstrong & Antonio Davila & George Foster & John RM Hand, 2011. "Market-to-revenue multiples in public and private capital markets," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 36(1), pages 15-57, April.
- Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 1997. "Industry costs of equity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 153-193, February.
- Core, John E. & Guay, Wayne R. & Buskirk, Andrew Van, 2003. "Market valuations in the New Economy: an investigation of what has changed," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-3), pages 43-67, January.
- Lewellen, Jonathan, 2003. "Discussion of "The Internet downturn: Finding valuation factors in Spring 2000"," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-3), pages 237-247, January.
- Binswanger, Mathias, 2004. "How do stock prices respond to fundamental shocks?," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 90-99, June.
- Lawrence A. Leger & Vitor Leone, 2007.
"Changes in the risk structure of stock returns. Consumer Confidence and the Dotcom Bubble,"
Discussion Paper Series
2007_15, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Jun 2007.
- Leger, Lawrence & Leone, Vitor, 2008. "Changes in the risk structure of stock returns: Consumer Confidence and the dotcom bubble," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 228-244, August.
- Brown, Stephen & Lo, Kin & Lys, Thomas, 1999. "Use of R2 in accounting research: measuring changes in value relevance over the last four decades," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 83-115, December.
- Jenkins, David S. & Kane, Gregory D. & Velury, Uma, 2006. "Earnings quality decline and the effect of industry specialist auditors: An analysis of the late 1990s," Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 71-90.
- Narasimhan Jegadeesh, 2001. "Profitability of Momentum Strategies: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(2), pages 699-720, 04.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:52:y:2012:i:2:p:243-255. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.