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The value implications of target debt issuance in withdrawn takeovers: What role do country-specific M&A regulations play?

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  • Jandik, Tomas
  • Lallemand, Justin
  • McCumber, William

Abstract

Under the implicit assumption of well-developed capital markets and strong investor protection, finance theory predicts that managers of target firms will respond to a takeover threat by increasing firm leverage. Leverage increases target management’s negotiating position with the bidder, potentially thwarting the acquisition altogether. Target management should therefore have less incentive to increase leverage where investor protections are weak and financial regulations favor incumbents. Examining changes in firm leverage in an international sample of target firms, we find that targets significantly increase leverage around takeover attempts, but only in countries with well-developed capital markets and strong investor protections. These target firms realize negative abnormal returns around debt issuance announcements, especially those between takeover announcement and withdrawal. Further, target shareholders suffer significantly negative long-term returns after the takeover bid is withdrawn. Negative returns are significantly mitigated, but not eliminated, with high performance target managers in place.

Suggested Citation

  • Jandik, Tomas & Lallemand, Justin & McCumber, William, 2017. "The value implications of target debt issuance in withdrawn takeovers: What role do country-specific M&A regulations play?," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 14-32.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:14-32
    DOI: 10.1016/j.mulfin.2017.02.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    International takeovers; Debt issuance; Financial regulation; M&A gains;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • F39 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Other

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