Determinants of backward linkages of oil and gas industry in the Nigerian economy
This paper examines the determinants of backward linkages from the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. Secondary and primary data collected cover firms engaging in fabrication and construction; well-construction and completion, and control systems and ICT. Both descriptive and inferential statistical approaches were employed in the paper. Despite the widespread view that local content in the Nigerian oil industry is very low, there is a clear evidence for the existence of linkages – at least insofar as the three sub-sectors considered in this analysis are concerned. The paper shows that many of the linkages in the Nigerian oil value chain involve local firms, and that this has been a consequence of local content policies and investments in telecommunications and transport. Linkages have been held back by weaknesses in power and water infrastructure. The large investment in higher education in Nigeria suggests that skill-constraints have not been a major obstacle to linkage development in the three sub-sectors. The flow of labour to and from other sectors is indicative of learning spillovers, both within Nigeria and in the West African regional economy. Regression analysis shows that skills, policies, the quality of the national innovation system and their interactions are the major drivers of backward linkages. A number of policy implications to enhance linkage development in Nigeria's oil and gas value chain are identified.
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- Belderbos, Rene & Capannelli, Giovanni & Fukao, Kyoji, 2001. "Backward Vertical Linkages of Foreign Manufacturing Affiliates: Evidence from Japanese Multinationals," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 189-208, January.
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