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North–south trade in reusable goods: Green design meets illegal shipments of waste

Listed author(s):
  • Bernard, Sophie

In a stylized model of international trade, firms in the North indirectly export second-hand products to a representative firm in the South to be reused as intermediate goods, with potential trade gains. The level of reusability of waste products – or green design – is a crucial choice variable in the North. This is because, in the presence of imperfect international monitoring, non-reusable waste can be illegally mixed with reusable waste. I explore the driving forces for illegal waste movement, with a particular focus on local waste regulations such as the EU׳s Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment. Under mild conditions, it is shown that increasingly stringent regulations in the North can induce Northern firms to reduce product reusability. Consequently, the flow of non-reusable waste to the South increases, magnifying the pollution haven effect.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0095069614000874
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.

Volume (Year): 69 (2015)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 22-35

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:69:y:2015:i:c:p:22-35
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2014.10.004
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622870

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  1. Copeland, Brian R., 1991. "International trade in waste products in the presence of illegal disposal," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 143-162, March.
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