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Sources of target stock price run-up prior to acquisitions

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  • Brigida, Matthew
  • Madura, Jeff

Abstract

The anticipation of an acquisition attracts informed trading, which can cause a high run-up in the target stock price prior to an announced acquisition bid. Because research has shown that bidders do not reduce their bid price to compensate for a relatively high run-up, a larger run-up increases the cost of the acquisition to bidders. Our analysis determines that the target stock price run-up before an announced bid is higher for bidders that are not private equity firms, do friendly acquisitions, are from outside the U.S., rely on newly borrowed funds to finance the acquisition, rely on more investment bank advisors to facilitate the acquisition, and did not previously establish a toehold position in the target. It is also higher when targets are smaller, have listed options traded on them, and are in the technology field. Lastly, target run-up is lower since Sarbanes-Oxley.

Suggested Citation

  • Brigida, Matthew & Madura, Jeff, 2012. "Sources of target stock price run-up prior to acquisitions," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 185-198.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:64:y:2012:i:2:p:185-198
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconbus.2011.11.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:1-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Chira, Inga & Volkov, Nikanor, 2017. "The choice of sale method and its consequences in mergers and acquisitions," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 170-184.
    3. Inga Chira & Jeff Madura, 2013. "Impact Of The Galleon Case On Informed Trading Before Merger Announcements," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 36(3), pages 325-346, September.
    4. Carroll, Rachael & Kearney, Colm, 2015. "Testing the mixture of distributions hypothesis on target stocks," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 1-14.
    5. Kaprielyan, Margarita, 2016. "Valuation consequences of the decision to divest in the globalized world," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 16-29.
    6. Madura, Jeff & Marciniak, Marek, 2014. "Bidder country characteristics and informed trading in U.S. targets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 256-284.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informed trading; Insider trading; Target stock price run-up;

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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