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Terrorism, immigration and asylum approval

Author

Listed:
  • Brodeur, Abel
  • Wright, Taylor

Abstract

Using the universe of individual asylum cases in the United States from 2000–2004 and a difference-in-differences research design, we test whether Sept. 11, 2001 decreased the likelihood that applicants from Muslim-majority countries were granted asylum. Our estimates suggest that the attacks resulted in a 3.2 percentage point decrease in the likelihood that applicants from Muslim-majority countries are granted asylum. The estimated effect is larger for applicants who share a country of origin with the Sept. 11, 2001 attackers. These effects do not differ across judge political affiliation. Our findings provide evidence that emotions affect the decisions of judges.

Suggested Citation

  • Brodeur, Abel & Wright, Taylor, 2019. "Terrorism, immigration and asylum approval," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 119-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:168:y:2019:i:c:p:119-131
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2019.10.002
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Courts; Crime; Immigration; Judicial decision; Sentencing and terrorism;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • K37 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Immigration Law
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies

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