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Trade credit during a financial crisis: A panel data analysis

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  • Bastos, Rafael
  • Pindado, Julio

Abstract

This paper investigates the use of trade credit by firms from countries that have recently undergone a financial crisis. The paper examines a sample of 147 firms from Argentina, Brazil, and Turkey and finds empirical evidence that supports the substitution hypothesis between bank credit and trade credit. The paper also supports the matching hypothesis in which firms that delay collection from their customers then demand long-term trade credit from their suppliers. Specifically, the paper finds that firms that present high levels of days-of-sales outstanding and a high probability of insolvency use more trade credit and that these relations are enhanced during a financial crisis. Results suggest that credit constraints during a financial crisis cause firms holding high levels of accounts receivable to postpone payments to suppliers. Specifically, high-risk firms postpone suppliers' payments to avoid insolvency. These results can be interpreted as evidence of a credit contagion in the supply chain.

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  • Bastos, Rafael & Pindado, Julio, 2013. "Trade credit during a financial crisis: A panel data analysis," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(5), pages 614-620.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:66:y:2013:i:5:p:614-620
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2012.03.015
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    6. Lars Norden & Stefan van Kampen, 2015. "The Dynamics of Trade Credit and Bank Debt in SME Finance: International Evidence," RBA Annual Conference Volume (Discontinued), in: Angus Moore & John Simon (ed.),Small Business Conditions and Finance, Reserve Bank of Australia.
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    11. Pattnaik, Debidutta & Hassan, Mohammad Kabir & Kumar, Satish & Paul, Justin, 2020. "Trade credit research before and after the global financial crisis of 2008 – A bibliometric overview," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
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