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Loss given default of residential mortgages in a low LTV regime: Role of foreclosure auction process and housing market cycles

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  • Park, Yun W.
  • Bang, Doo Won

Abstract

Using loan-level foreclosure auction data we study the loss given default (LGD) of defaulted residential mortgages originated in Korea, a low LTV regime. We find that senior mortgages generate very low loss rates (5–10%) while losses of subordinated claims are in 30–50% range. We document the effects of housing market cycles on loss severity by showing that collateral characteristics that are overvalued during the boom increase loss severity during the market downturn. We also investigate how a broad set of time-of-origination and post-origination information on loan, collateral and borrower characteristics and foreclosure auction process influence the LGD of residential mortgages.

Suggested Citation

  • Park, Yun W. & Bang, Doo Won, 2014. "Loss given default of residential mortgages in a low LTV regime: Role of foreclosure auction process and housing market cycles," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 192-210.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:39:y:2014:i:c:p:192-210
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.11.015
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:ejores:v:262:y:2017:i:2:p:780-791 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Peter-Hendrik Ingermann & Frederik Hesse & Christian Bélorgey & Andreas Pfingsten, 2016. "The recovery rate for retail and commercial customers in Germany: a look at collateral and its adjusted market values," Business Research, Springer;German Academic Association for Business Research, vol. 9(2), pages 179-228, August.
    3. Shi, Xiaojun & Tang, Qihe & Yuan, Zhongyi, 2017. "A limit distribution of credit portfolio losses with low default probabilities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 156-167.
    4. Tsai, Ming Shann & Chiang, Shu Ling & Miller, Chen, 2016. "A study on the distribution of the foreclosure lag, its expected capital opportunity cost and its analyses," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 156-170.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreclosure auction process; Residential mortgages; Loss given default; Low LTV regime; Housing market cycle;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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