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Reverse imports, foreign direct investment and exchange rates

  • Xing, Yuqing
  • Zhao, Laixun

This paper investigates linkages among "reverse imports", foreign direct investment and exchange rates. As an example, we have in mind the competition in the Japanese market of a Japanese multinational firm and a Chinese domestic firm. Products are differentiated based on Japanese consumers' brand name recognition. The model shows that yen appreciation leads to an increase in Japanese production in China and "reverse imports" and a decrease in Japanese domestic production. Due to the barriers in brand name, the exports of the Chinese firm could fall, because the increase of reverse imports may erode the market share of the Chinese firm, even though total exports from China increase. Further, we find that yen appreciation may improve the profits of the Japanese firm and welfare in Japan under reverse imports, against conventional wisdom. The predictions of the model fit well with the actual numbers and shed light on the current debate on the Chinese currency.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Japan and the World Economy.

Volume (Year): 20 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Pages: 275-289

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Handle: RePEc:eee:japwor:v:20:y:2008:i:2:p:275-289
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505557

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