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Does the PCAOB international inspection program improve audit quality for non-US-listed foreign clients?

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  • Fung, Simon Yu Kit
  • Raman, K.K.
  • Zhu, Xindong (Kevin)

Abstract

We examine whether the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) international inspection program improves audit quality for a sample of non-US-listed foreign public client companies from 55 countries audited by foreign (i.e., non-US) auditors. For a sample of non-US-listed clients of PCAOB-registered foreign auditors, we find that initial PCAOB inspections improve audit quality, over and above the threat of such inspections, for foreign auditors’ non-US-listed foreign clients. Our findings document the benefits of PCAOB international inspections for foreign investors in non-US-listed foreign companies which could increase the acceptability of the PCAOB international inspection program abroad.

Suggested Citation

  • Fung, Simon Yu Kit & Raman, K.K. & Zhu, Xindong (Kevin), 2017. "Does the PCAOB international inspection program improve audit quality for non-US-listed foreign clients?," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 15-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaecon:v:64:y:2017:i:1:p:15-36
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jacceco.2017.04.002
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    Cited by:

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    3. Christensen, Brant & Lei, Lijun (Gillian) & Shu, Sydney Qing & Thomas, Wayne, 2023. "Does audit regulation improve the underlying information used by managers? Evidence from PCAOB inspection access and management forecast accuracy," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
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    6. Elizabeth Gutierrez & Miguel Minutti-Meza & Kay W. Tatum & Maria Vulcheva, 2018. "Consequences of adopting an expanded auditor’s report in the United Kingdom," Review of Accounting Studies, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 1543-1587, December.
    7. Knowles, Robin L & Pacheco Paredes, Angel Arturo, 2023. "International culture and audit deficiencies: Evidence from inspection reports of non-US companies listed in the US," Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    8. Mihai Carp & Costel Istrate, 2021. "Audit Quality under Influences of Audit Firm and Auditee Characteristics: Evidence from the Romanian Regulated Market," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(12), pages 1-16, June.
    9. Shijie Wang, 2023. "Accounting vs. Politics: Effects of China-US Audit Cooperation on China Concept Stocks," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 13(5), pages 1-6.
    10. Inder K. Khurana & Nathan G. Lundstrom & K. K. Raman, 2021. "PCAOB Inspections and the Differential Audit Quality Effect for Big 4 and Non–Big 4 US Auditors," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 38(1), pages 376-411, March.
    11. Phillip T. Lamoreaux & Landon M. Mauler & Nathan J. Newton, 2020. "Audit Regulation and Cost of Equity Capital: Evidence from the PCAOB's International Inspection Regime," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 37(4), pages 2438-2471, December.
    12. Joni, Joni & Ahmed, Kamran & Hamilton, Jane, 2020. "Politically connected boards, family and business group affiliations, and cost of capital: Evidence from Indonesia," The British Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(3).
    13. Kim, Yongtae & (Nancy) Su, Lixin & (Stephen) Zhou, Gaoguang & (Kevin) Zhu, Xindong, 2020. "PCAOB international inspections and Merger and Acquisition outcomes," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1).
    14. Jeong-Bon Kim & Mikhail Pevzner & Xiangang Xin, 2019. "Foreign institutional ownership and auditor choice: Evidence from worldwide institutional ownership," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 50(1), pages 83-110, February.
    15. Dan Dacian Cuzdriorean, 2018. "Auditing Research: A Review Of Recent Research Advances," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 6(4), pages 14-26.
    16. Yu, Chun-Chan & Huang, Hua-Wei & Yang, Ya-Chih & Xie, Anxuan, 2022. "Do over-conservative going concern audit opinions exist? Evidence from the prediction model approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 212(C).
    17. Gu, Tracy & Jiang, Yiqi & Simunic, Dan, 2023. "The value of the PCAOB’s international audit oversight on U.S. listed foreign companies: Evidence from an initial enforcement breakdown," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1).
    18. Hanlon, Michelle & Shroff, Nemit, 2022. "Insights into auditor public oversight boards: Whether, how, and why they “work”," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1).
    19. Marcus M. Doxey & James G. Lawson & Thomas J. Lopez & Quinn T. Swanquist, 2021. "Do Investors Care Who Did the Audit? Evidence from Form AP," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(5), pages 1741-1782, December.
    20. Gonzalo Wandosell & María Concepción Parra-Meroño & Raul Baños, 2019. "Online Store Locator: An Essential Resource for Retailers in the 21st Century," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 8(2), pages 1-13, February.
    21. Moehrle, Stephen R. & Meckfessel, Michele & Reynolds-Moehrle, Jennifer & Stuerke, Pamela & Wen, He, 2018. "Developments in accounting regulation: A synthesis and annotated bibliography of evidence and commentary in the 2017 academic literature," Research in Accounting Regulation, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 138-147.
    22. Minfeng Yu & Yi Si & Gaoliang Tian & Lei Zhang, 2023. "Climate risk and audit fees: An international study," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 63(5), pages 4989-5025, December.
    23. Elizabeth Carson & Roger Simnett & Ulrike Thürheimer & Ann Vanstraelen, 2022. "Involvement of Component Auditors in Multinational Group Audits: Determinants, Audit Quality, and Audit Fees," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(4), pages 1419-1462, September.
    24. Sarah B. Stuber & Chris E. Hogan, 2021. "Do PCAOB Inspections Improve the Accuracy of Accounting Estimates?," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(1), pages 331-370, March.
    25. Ines Kateb & Ines Belgacem, 2024. "Navigating governance and accounting reforms in Saudi Arabia's emerging market: impact of audit quality, board characteristics, and IFRS adoption on financial performance," International Journal of Disclosure and Governance, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(2), pages 290-312, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    PCAOB international inspection program; Foreign auditors; Non-US-listed foreign public companies; Audit quality; Positive externality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M4 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting
    • M49 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Other

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