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Success of Crowd-based Online Technology in Fundraising: An Institutional Perspective

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  • Kshetri, Nir

Abstract

The use of crowd-based online technology for raising funds is gaining popularity and credibility. This paper seeks to provide a better understanding of the effects of formal and informal institutions on the success of a crowdfunding project. It also analyzes how the effects of different types of institutions are likely to vary across the four different types of crowdfunding projects: (1) crowdlending, (2) crowdequity, (3) reward-based crowdfunding and (4) donation-based crowdfunding. A practical implication of this work is that the ease with which entrepreneurs and other types of fundraisers can raise money via crowdfunding platforms to fund a project depends upon the nature of formal and informal institutions in the economy. A theory of crowdfunding is proposed that explains these developing relationships.

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  • Kshetri, Nir, 2015. "Success of Crowd-based Online Technology in Fundraising: An Institutional Perspective," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 100-116.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:21:y:2015:i:2:p:100-116
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intman.2015.03.004
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    Cited by:

    1. Hossain Mokter & Oparaocha Gospel Onyema, 2017. "Crowdfunding: Motives, Definitions, Typology and Ethical Challenges," Entrepreneurship Research Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-14, April.
    2. Tanja Jovanović, 2019. "Crowdfunding: What Do We Know So Far?," International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 16(01), pages 1-25, February.
    3. Nathalie Duran, 2016. "Crowdlending : les échanges sociaux dans les communautés de prêt," Post-Print hal-01651380, HAL.
    4. W. Cai & F.H.J. Polzin & F.C. Stam, 2019. "Crowdfunding and Social Capital : A Systematic Literature Review," Working Papers 19-05, Utrecht School of Economics.
    5. Nathalie Duran, 2016. "Le crowdlending, une opportunité de mission originale pour l'expert comptable ?," Post-Print hal-01651395, HAL.
    6. Zhiyuan Yu & Muhammad Hafeez & Lihan Liu & Muhammad Tariq Mahmood & Hong Wu, 2019. "Evaluating the Minor Coarse Cereals Product Crowdfunding Platform through Evolutionary Game Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(5), pages 1-17, March.
    7. Mike Wright & Donald S. Siegel & Philippe Mustar, 2017. "An emerging ecosystem for student start-ups," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 909-922, August.
    8. Igra, Mark & Kenworthy, Nora & Luchsinger, Cadence & Jung, Jin-Kyu, 2021. "Crowdfunding as a response to COVID-19: Increasing inequities at a time of crisis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 282(C).
    9. Mari-Liis Kukk & Laivi Laidroo, 2020. "Institutional Drivers of Crowdfunding Volumes," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 13(12), pages 1-28, December.
    10. Estrin, Saul & Gozman, Daniel & Khavul, Susanna, 2018. "The evolution and adoption of equity crowdfunding: entrepreneur and investor entry into a new market," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 87351, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    11. Saul Estrin & Daniel Gozman & Susanna Khavul, 2018. "The evolution and adoption of equity crowdfunding: entrepreneur and investor entry into a new market," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(2), pages 425-439, August.
    12. Nathalie Duran, 2016. "Le crowdlending : une opportunité de mission originale pour l'expert-comptable ?," Post-Print hal-01900572, HAL.
    13. Kazem Mochkabadi & Christine K. Volkmann, 2020. "Equity crowdfunding: a systematic review of the literature," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 54(1), pages 75-118, January.
    14. Maier, Erik, 2016. "Supply and demand on crowdlending platforms: connecting small and medium-sized enterprise borrowers and consumer investors," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 143-153.
    15. Ibarra Garza, Alberto & Cugueró-Escofet, Natàlia & Canela, Miguel Ángel, 2017. "Prosocial Crowdlending in Kenya," IESE Research Papers D/1166, IESE Business School.
    16. Stan Oana Mara & Fanea-Ivanovici Mina, 2019. "Time to act: discourse on time in crowdfunding for social entrepreneurship project," Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence, Sciendo, vol. 13(1), pages 1162-1172, May.
    17. Estrin, Saul & Gozman, Daniel & Khavul, Susanna, 2017. "Equity crowdfunding and early stage entrepreneurial finance: damaging or disruptive?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86590, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    18. Kshetri, Nir, 2018. "Informal Institutions and Internet-based Equity Crowdfunding," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 33-51.
    19. Moleskis, Melina & Canela, Miguel Ángel, 2016. "Crowdfunding Success: The Case Of Kiva.Org," IESE Research Papers D/1137, IESE Business School.
    20. Stasik Agata & Wilczyńska Ewa, 2018. "How do we study crowdfunding? An overview of methods and introduction to new research agenda," Journal of Management and Business Administration. Central Europe, Sciendo, vol. 26(1), pages 49-78, March.
    21. Saul Estrin & Daniel Gozman & Susanna Khavul, 2017. "Equity Crowdfunding and Early Stage Entrepreneurial Finance: Damaging or Disruptive?," CEP Discussion Papers dp1498, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    22. Cai, Wanxiang & Polzin, Friedemann & Stam, Erik, 2021. "Crowdfunding and social capital: A systematic review using a dynamic perspective," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 162(C).
    23. Nathalie Duran & Christel Dubrulle, 2017. "Les échecs du crowdlending, une étude exploratoire," Post-Print hal-01655014, HAL.

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