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Innovation capacity, international experience and export performance of SMEs in Brazil

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  • Oura, Mauricio Massao
  • Zilber, Silvia Novaes
  • Lopes, Evandro Luiz

Abstract

Innovation capacity and international experience are factors often related to the internationalisation process of firms, with export activities as the first stage of the process. However, firms from emerging countries seem to show advantages and follow patterns of international expansion that may differ from firms based in developed countries, where the internationalisation models were created. Specifically, exporting firms from emerging countries tend to have limited resources, especially small firms (e.g., for investing in R&D). Despite these facts, the literature on export performance seems biased towards recommending firms to enhance, above all, their innovation capacity in order to achieve better export performance, while little attention is paid to international experience as a factor that is as important as innovation. In this context, the objective of this study is to investigate the impact of innovation capacity and international experience on the export performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) located in an emerging country and to identify which factor is more significant. The Resource-Based View and Dynamic Capabilities approach were used as theoretical frameworks. A research model was developed and tested on a significant sample of Brazilian industrial SMEs. The data were analysed through partial least squares structural equation modelling. The results indicate that international experience has a greater impact on export performance than innovation capacity, showing that there is possibility of overemphasising the role of innovation in the export performance of SMEs, at least, in the Brazilian context.

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  • Oura, Mauricio Massao & Zilber, Silvia Novaes & Lopes, Evandro Luiz, 2016. "Innovation capacity, international experience and export performance of SMEs in Brazil," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 921-932.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:25:y:2016:i:4:p:921-932
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.12.002
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    5. Saymon Ricardo Oliveira Sousa & Wesley Vieira Silva & Claudimar Pereira Veiga & Roselaine Ruviaro Zanini, 2020. "Theoretical background of innovation in services in small and medium-sized enterprises: literature mapping," Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-26, December.
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    8. Cláudia P. Ribau & António C. Moreira & Mário Raposo, 2017. "SMEs innovation capabilities and export performance: an entrepreneurial orientation view," Journal of Business Economics and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(5), pages 920-934, September.
    9. Tatiana Marceda Bach & Luciano Luiz Dalazen & Wesley Vieira da Silva & Alex Antonio Ferraresi & Claudimar Pereira da Veiga, 2019. "Relationship Between Innovation and Performance in Private Companies: Systematic Literature Review," SAGE Open, , vol. 9(2), pages 21582440198, June.
    10. Marco Túlio Dinali Viglioni & Mozar José Brito & Cristina Lelis Leal Calegario, 2020. "Innovation and R&D in Latin America and the Caribbean countries: a systematic literature review," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 125(3), pages 2131-2167, December.
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    13. Niittymies, Aleksi & Pajunen, Kalle, 2020. "Cognitive foundations of firm internationalization: A systematic review and agenda for future research," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(4).
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    15. Serhiy Moroz & Khabibullo Pirmatov & Elena Horska & Ludmila Nagyova & Zuzana Polakova, 2017. "The Effect of Selected Economic Indicators on Export of Goods of Regions of Ukraine," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 13(2), pages 141-150.
    16. Israr Ahmad & Dr. Shuhymee Ahmad*, 2018. "Multiple Skills and Medium Enterprises’ Performance in Punjab Pakistan: A Pilot Study," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, pages 44-49:4.

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