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Socio-economic inequalities in child survival in India: A decomposition analysis

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  • Pradhan, Jalandhar
  • Arokiasamy, Perianayagam

Abstract

This paper provides a first time assessment of the decomposed contributions of socio-economic determinants of under2 child mortality in India and its states using the recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3, 2005-06) data. In the first stage analysis, concentration indices of under2 mortality were generated as measures of socio-economic inequalities. The concentration indices were then decomposed into their determining factors. Decomposition results reveal that poor household economic status (46%), mother's illiteracy (35%) and rural residence (15%) contribute to 96% of total socio-economic inequalities in child survival at the national level. The contribution of economic status is relatively smaller in 5 states that are advanced in health transition. The varying pattern of evidence across the states from decomposition analysis suggests the need for unique health intervention strategies for different states in accordance with the evidence of major contributions to total child health inequalities arising from poverty, illiteracy and rural residence.

Suggested Citation

  • Pradhan, Jalandhar & Arokiasamy, Perianayagam, 2010. "Socio-economic inequalities in child survival in India: A decomposition analysis," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 98(2-3), pages 114-120, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:98:y:2010:i:2-3:p:114-120
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sato, Azusa, 2012. "Do Inequalities in Health Care Utilization in Developing Countries Change When We Take into Account Traditional Medicines?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(11), pages 2275-2289.
    2. Laura B. Nolan, 2016. "Rural–Urban Child Height for Age Trajectories and Their Heterogeneous Determinants in Four Developing Countries," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 35(5), pages 599-629, October.
    3. Sowmya Dhanaraj, 2015. "Determinants of Child Health: An Empirical Analysis," Working Papers 2015-136, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
    4. Chalasani, Satvika, 2012. "Understanding wealth-based inequalities in child health in India: A decomposition approach," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(12), pages 2160-2169.
    5. Hajizadeh, Mohammad & Nandi, Arijit & Heymann, Jody, 2014. "Social inequality in infant mortality: What explains variation across low and middle income countries?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 36-46.

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