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Fair implementation of diversity in school choice

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  • Bó, Inácio

Abstract

Many school districts have objectives regarding how students of different races, ethnicity or religious backgrounds should be distributed across schools. A growing literature in mechanism design is introducing school choice mechanisms that attempt to satisfy those requirements. We show that mechanisms based on the student-proposing deferred acceptance may fail to satisfy those objectives, but that by using instead the school-proposing deferred acceptance together with a choice function used by the schools, which incorporates a preference for satisfying them, can optimally approximate the diversity objectives while still satisfying an appropriate fairness criterion. We provide analytical results which show that the proposed mechanism has a general ability to satisfy those objectives, as opposed to some currently proposed mechanisms, which may yield segregated assignments.

Suggested Citation

  • Bó, Inácio, 2016. "Fair implementation of diversity in school choice," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 54-63.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:97:y:2016:i:c:p:54-63
    DOI: 10.1016/j.geb.2016.03.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ágoston, Kolos Csaba & Biró, Péter & Szántó, Richárd, 2018. "Stable project allocation under distributional constraints," Operations Research Perspectives, Elsevier, vol. 5(C), pages 59-68.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mechanism design; Matching; School choice; Affirmative action; Diversity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

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