Reinforcing economic incentives for carbon credits for forests
Afforestation is a cost-effective way for some countries to meet part of their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol and its eventual extensions. Credits for carbon sequestration can be mediated through markets for emissions permits. Both new and old forests are subject to pestilence and fire, which are events that could release substantial, discrete quantities of carbon at irregular intervals. Permits markets, the use of green accounting, and insurance markets for sudden emmisions could increase the efficiency of the scheme and its attractiveness to potential participants. La plantation de forêts est une manière peu coûteuse pour certains pays de remplir leurs engagements à l'égard du Protocole de Kyoto et de ses extensions éventuelles. Les marchés pour les permis d'émissions peuvent s'assortir de crédits pour la séquestration de carbone. Tant les nouvelles que les anciennes forêts sont exposées aux incendies et aux invasions de parasites, qui peuvent se donner lieu à l'émission d'importantes quantités de gaz carbonique à intervalles irréguliers. Les marchés des permis et les marchés d'assurance, mis en ?uvre dans un cadre de comptabilité verte, peuvent rendre plus efficace et plus attrayant un système de crédits pour séquestration du carbone.
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Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM
20-02, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
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