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An economic evaluation of strategies for transforming even-aged into near-natural forestry in a conifer-dominated forest in Denmark


  • Schou, Erik
  • Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl
  • Kristensen, Kristian Løkke


Schemes for transformation of even-aged monoculture forest management regimes into near-natural regimes are currently applied throughout the Atlantic region of Europe. This is mainly due to poor ecological stability, low economic performance, and decrease in biodiversity in existing forests. In this study, we analysed the simultaneous transformation of adjacent even-aged stands (a forest division) into mixed conifer/broadleaved stands. The case area is found in a conifer-dominated Danish forest and consists primarily of Norway spruce, European beech, Douglas fir and Sitka spruce. An economic evaluation of several transformation strategies was carried out by simulation. An area based combined Markov chain and Dynamic yield table model was used. Analyses were conducted under risk of wind throw.

Suggested Citation

  • Schou, Erik & Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl & Kristensen, Kristian Løkke, 2012. "An economic evaluation of strategies for transforming even-aged into near-natural forestry in a conifer-dominated forest in Denmark," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 89-98.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:forpol:v:20:y:2012:i:c:p:89-98
    DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2012.02.010

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Knoke, Thomas & Moog, Martin & Plusczyk, Niels, 2001. "On the effect of volatile stumpage prices on the economic attractiveness of a silvicultural transformation strategy," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3-4), pages 229-240, July.
    2. Knoke, Thomas & Seifert, Thomas, 2008. "Integrating selected ecological effects of mixed European beech–Norway spruce stands in bioeconomic modelling," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 210(4), pages 487-498.
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    5. Zell, Jurgen & Hanewinkel, Marc & Seeling, Ute, 2004. "Financial optimisation of target diameter harvest of European beech (Fagus sylvatica) considering the risk of decrease of timber quality due to red heartwood," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(6), pages 579-593, October.
    6. Reed, William J., 1984. "The effects of the risk of fire on the optimal rotation of a forest," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 180-190, June.
    7. Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl & Helles, Finn, 2006. "Adaptive and nonadaptive harvesting in uneven-aged beech forest with stochastic prices," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 223-238, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Montagné-Huck, Claire & Brunette, Marielle, 2018. "Economic analysis of natural forest disturbances: A century of research," Journal of Forest Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 42-71.
    2. Marielle Brunette & Arnaud Dragicevic & Jonathan Lenglet & Alexandra Niedzwiedz & Vincent Badeau & Jean-Luc Dupouey, 2017. "Biotechnical portfolio management of mixed-species forests," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 223-245, July.
    3. Knoke, Thomas & Kindu, Mengistie & Jarisch, Isabelle & Gosling, Elizabeth & Friedrich, Stefan & Bödeker, Kai & Paul, Carola, 2020. "How considering multiple criteria, uncertainty scenarios and biological interactions may influence the optimal silvicultural strategy for a mixed forest," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C).
    4. Strimbu, Bogdan M. & Paun, Mihaela & Montes, Cristian & Popescu, Sorin C., 2018. "A scalar measure tracing tree species composition in space or time," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 512(C), pages 682-692.
    5. Marielle Brunette & Robin Bourke & Marc Hanewinkel & Rasoul Yousefpour, 2018. "Adaptation to climate change in forestry: a multiple correspondence analysis (MCA)," Post-Print hal-02620990, HAL.
    6. Jette Bredahl Jacobsen & Frank Jensen & Bo Jellesmark Thorsen, 2018. "Forest Value and Optimal Rotations in Continuous Cover Forestry," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 69(4), pages 713-732, April.

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