IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The life cycle of a metropolitan business network: Liverpool 1750-1810


  • Haggerty, John
  • Haggerty, Sheryllynne


Recently historians have complicated their understanding of networks. In particular, they have started to assess the role of networks in civic and formal arenas. This paper posits a quantitative methodology for a more nuanced and sophisticated analysis of mercantile networks within this environment. It uses visual analytics of Liverpool's business networks comprising political, trade, social and cultural institutions to assess their role in the changing social and economic climate during the period 1750-1810. This paper demonstrates the dynamic role of networks in the shaping of a metropolitan economy and the interplay between the two. In addition, it posits that, as is the case for regional clusters, there is a life cycle of networks. In this way, we are able to see how the networks sustained, nurtured and transformed social and economic activity during this period.

Suggested Citation

  • Haggerty, John & Haggerty, Sheryllynne, 2011. "The life cycle of a metropolitan business network: Liverpool 1750-1810," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 189-206, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:48:y:2011:i:2:p:189-206

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Checkland, S. G., 1958. "American Versus West Indian Traders in Liverpool, 1793–1815," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(02), pages 141-160, June.
    2. Sheilagh Ogilvie, 2004. "Guilds, efficiency, and social capital: evidence from German proto-industry," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 57(2), pages 286-333, May.
    3. Ann Carlos & Karen Maguire & Larry Neal, 2008. "'A knavish people…': London Jewry and the stock market during the South Sea Bubble," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(6), pages 728-748.
    4. Ann Prior & Maurice Kirby, "undated". "The Society of Friends and the Family Firm, 1700-1830," Working Papers ec11/93, Department of Economics, University of Lancaster.
    5. Hancock, David, 2005. "The Trouble with Networks: Managing the Scots' Early-Modern Madeira Trade," Business History Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 79(03), pages 467-491, September.
    6. James E. Rauch, 2001. "Business and Social Networks in International Trade," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1177-1203, December.
    7. Haggerty, John & Haggerty, Sheryllynne, 2010. "Visual Analytics of an Eighteenth-Century Business Network," Enterprise & Society, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(01), pages 1-25, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Metropolitan business networks Liverpool Trade Visual analytics Merchants;


    This item is featured on the following reading lists or Wikipedia pages:
    1. Historical Economic Geography


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:48:y:2011:i:2:p:189-206. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.