Dynamic operation model of the battery swapping station for EV (electric vehicle) in electricity market
The BSS (battery swapping station) is a newly proposed mode of supplying power to the EV (electric vehicle). Different from the BCS (battery charging station), the BSS prepares the batteries for EVs in advance and could complete the battery swapping in a short time. The operations designed for the BCS are not appropriate for BSS anymore and the researches about BSS are at the early stage. In this paper, we propose a dynamic operation model of BSS in electricity market. The new model is based on the short-term battery management and includes the mathematical formulation and market strategy. We have tested the model in a 24-hour simulation. The result shows clearly that the BSS makes decisions in market environment through tracing the number of batteries in different kinds of states and acquires additional revenue by responding actively to the price fluctuation in electricity market. The feasibility and the practicability of the model are confirmed.
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