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The influence of membrane CO2 separation on the efficiency of a coal-fired power plant

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  • Kotowicz, Janusz
  • Chmielniak, Tadeusz
  • Janusz-Szymańska, Katarzyna

Abstract

In this paper, the influence of membrane separation of CO2 from flue gases and the impacts of the whole CCS process (CO2 separation and compression) on the performance of a coal-fired power plant are studied. First, the effects of the characteristics of the membrane (selectivity and permeability) and the parameters of the process (feed and permeate pressure) on two indices, CO2 recovery rate and CO2 purity are analysed. Next, a method for determining the minimum power loss and efficiency loss of the power plant as a function of these calculated indices is described. Then, the power requirements and efficiency loss (up to 15.4 percentage points) because of the CCS installation are calculated. A method for reducing these losses through the integration of the CCS installation with the power plant is also proposed. The main aims of the integration are heat exchange between media and a decrease in the CO2 temperature before compression. Implementing this process can result in a significant reduction of the efficiency loss by 8 percentage points.

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  • Kotowicz, Janusz & Chmielniak, Tadeusz & Janusz-Szymańska, Katarzyna, 2010. "The influence of membrane CO2 separation on the efficiency of a coal-fired power plant," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 841-850.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:35:y:2010:i:2:p:841-850
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2009.08.008
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    1. Mofarahi, Masoud & Khojasteh, Yaser & Khaledi, Hiwa & Farahnak, Arsalan, 2008. "Design of CO2 absorption plant for recovery of CO2 from flue gases of gas turbine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1311-1319.
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    3. Corti, Andrea & Fiaschi, Daniele & Lombardi, Lidia, 2004. "Carbon dioxide removal in power generation using membrane technology," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 2025-2043.
    4. Davison, John, 2007. "Performance and costs of power plants with capture and storage of CO2," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1163-1176.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kotowicz, Janusz & Michalski, Sebastian, 2016. "Thermodynamic and economic analysis of a supercritical and an ultracritical oxy-type power plant without and with waste heat recovery," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 179(C), pages 806-820.
    2. Kotowicz, Janusz & Bartela, Łukasz, 2012. "Optimisation of the connection of membrane CCS installation with a supercritical coal-fired power plant," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 118-127.
    3. Zhu, Zhi-Shuang & Liao, Hua & Cao, Huai-Shu & Wang, Lu & Wei, Yi-Ming & Yan, Jinyue, 2014. "The differences of carbon intensity reduction rate across 89 countries in recent three decades," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 808-815.
    4. Puig-Arnavat, Maria & Søgaard, Martin & Hjuler, Klaus & Ahrenfeldt, Jesper & Henriksen, Ulrik Birk & Hendriksen, Peter Vang, 2015. "Integration of oxygen membranes for oxygen production in cement plants," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 852-865.
    5. Budzianowski, Wojciech Marcin, 2011. "Can ‘negative net CO2 emissions’ from decarbonised biogas-to-electricity contribute to solving Poland’s carbon capture and sequestration dilemmas?," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 6318-6325.
    6. Giordano, Lorena & Roizard, Denis & Bounaceur, Roda & Favre, Eric, 2016. "Interplay of inlet temperature and humidity on energy penalty for CO2 post-combustion capture: Rigorous analysis and simulation of a single stage gas permeation process," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(P1), pages 517-525.
    7. Chun-Gang Xu & Min Wang & Gang Xu & Xiao-Sen Li & Wei Zhang & Jing Cai & Zhao-Yang Chen, 2021. "The Relationship between Thermal Characteristics and Microstructure/Composition of Carbon Dioxide Hydrate in the Presence of Cyclopentane," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(4), pages 1-17, February.
    8. Skorek-Osikowska, Anna & Janusz-Szymańska, Katarzyna & Kotowicz, Janusz, 2012. "Modeling and analysis of selected carbon dioxide capture methods in IGCC systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 92-100.
    9. Xu, Chun-Gang & Li, Xiao-Sen & Lv, Qiu-Nan & Chen, Zhao-Yang & Cai, Jing, 2012. "Hydrate-based CO2 (carbon dioxide) capture from IGCC (integrated gasification combined cycle) synthesis gas using bubble method with a set of visual equipment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 358-366.
    10. Kotowicz, Janusz & Michalski, Sebastian, 2015. "Influence of four-end HTM (high temperature membrane) parameters on the thermodynamic and economic characteristics of a supercritical power plant," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 662-673.
    11. Janusz Kotowicz & Sebastian Michalski & Mateusz Brzęczek, 2019. "The Characteristics of a Modern Oxy-Fuel Power Plant," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(17), pages 1-34, September.
    12. Yu, Shiwei & Wei, Yi-Ming & Guo, Haixiang & Ding, Liping, 2014. "Carbon emission coefficient measurement of the coal-to-power energy chain in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 290-300.
    13. Belaissaoui, Bouchra & Cabot, Gilles & Cabot, Marie-Sophie & Willson, David & Favre, Eric, 2012. "An energetic analysis of CO2 capture on a gas turbine combining flue gas recirculation and membrane separation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 167-175.
    14. José Luis Míguez & Jacobo Porteiro & Raquel Pérez-Orozco & Miguel Ángel Gómez, 2018. "Technology Evolution in Membrane-Based CCS," Energies, MDPI, vol. 11(11), pages 1-18, November.
    15. Janusz-Szymańska, Katarzyna & Dryjańska, Aleksandra, 2015. "Possibilities for improving the thermodynamic and economic characteristics of an oxy-type power plant with a cryogenic air separation unit," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 45-61.
    16. Kotowicz, Janusz & Michalski, Sebastian, 2014. "Efficiency analysis of a hard-coal-fired supercritical power plant with a four-end high-temperature membrane for air separation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 109-119.

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