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Evaluation of geologic storage options of CO2: Applicability, cost, storage capacity and safety

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  • Aydin, Gokhan
  • Karakurt, Izzet
  • Aydiner, Kerim

Abstract

CO2 emissions in the atmosphere are increasing continually, which are mainly originated from burning of fossil fuels. The fossil fuels are expected to remain a major component of the world's energy supply in the near future, because of their inherent advantages. Therefore, various measures have to be considered to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Increasing the efficiency of energy usage and/or developing lower carbon or non-carbon energies to replace high carbon fuels may bring the result of the reduction of the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. The other alternative to reduce CO2 concentrations in atmosphere include gaseous storage in various deep geological formations, liquid storage in the ocean, and solid storage by reaction of CO2 with metal oxides to produce stable carbonates. In this article, the geological storage options of CO2 are examined. They are discussed in terms of applicability, cost, storage capacity and safety.

Suggested Citation

  • Aydin, Gokhan & Karakurt, Izzet & Aydiner, Kerim, 2010. "Evaluation of geologic storage options of CO2: Applicability, cost, storage capacity and safety," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(9), pages 5072-5080, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:9:p:5072-5080
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gibbins, Jon & Chalmers, Hannah, 2008. "Carbon capture and storage," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4317-4322, December.
    2. Davison, John, 2007. "Performance and costs of power plants with capture and storage of CO2," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1163-1176.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aydin, Gokhan, 2014. "Modeling of energy consumption based on economic and demographic factors: The case of Turkey with projections," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 382-389.
    2. Ghorbani, Afshin & Rahimpour, Hamid Reza & Ghasemi, Younes & Zoughi, Somayeh & Rahimpour, Mohammad Reza, 2014. "A Review of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in Iran: Microalgal Biofixation Potential in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 73-100.
    3. Karakurt, Izzet & Aydin, Gokhan & Aydiner, Kerim, 2012. "Sources and mitigation of methane emissions by sectors: A critical review," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 40-48.
    4. Višković, Alfredo & Franki, Vladimir & Valentić, Vladimir, 2014. "CCS (carbon capture and storage) investment possibility in South East Europe: A case study for Croatia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 325-337.
    5. Locatelli, Giorgio & Mancini, Mauro, 2010. "Small-medium sized nuclear coal and gas power plant: A probabilistic analysis of their financial performances and influence of CO2 cost," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 6360-6374, October.
    6. Alfredo Viskovic & Vladimir Valentic & Vladimir Franki, 2013. "The impac t of carbon prices on CCS investment in South East Europe," ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2013(3), pages 91-120.
    7. Bettina Beeskow-Strauch & Judith Maria Schicks, 2012. "The Driving Forces of Guest Substitution in Gas Hydrates—A Laser Raman Study on CH 4 -CO 2 Exchange in the Presence of Impurities," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-18, February.

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    Keywords

    CO2 Capture Geologic storage;

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