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The link between political decision-making and energy options: Assessing future role of renewable energy and energy efficiency in Finland


  • Lund, P.D.


European Union and Finland are confronted with much the same kind of challenges in energy policy. Because of much higher importance on energy, these issues escalated earlier in Finland including vital political decision-making. Several alternative energy paths to the future can be identified with fairly similar projected costs. The more in-depth analysis in the Finnish case suggests that, e.g., an integrated approach consisting of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures would be one competitive alternative to satisfy both increasing energy demand and CO2 emission reductions already by 2020. The study shows that meeting environmental, energy security and economical targets may not as such be adequate for the future success of an energy option. There is a more profound link between the energy options and the political decision-making, implying a much broader range of criteria than just the 3 Es reflecting thus politicians’ priorities and concerns. For example, in the Finnish case renewable energy sources and energy efficiency did not match optimally the parliamentary majority's preferences when deciding on future electricity direction in 2002. The methodology suggested here can be used to improve the strategic positioning of alternative energy paths.

Suggested Citation

  • Lund, P.D., 2007. "The link between political decision-making and energy options: Assessing future role of renewable energy and energy efficiency in Finland," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 2271-2281.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:32:y:2007:i:12:p:2271-2281
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Palander, Teijo, 2011. "Technical and economic analysis of electricity generation from forest, fossil, and wood-waste fuels in a Finnish heating plant," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 5579-5590.
    2. Feurtey, Évariste & Ilinca, Adrian & Sakout, Anas & Saucier, Carol, 2016. "Institutional factors influencing strategic decision-making in energy policy; a case study of wind energy in France and Quebec (Canada)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1455-1470.
    3. Weber, C. & Shah, N., 2011. "Optimisation based design of a district energy system for an eco-town in the United Kingdom," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 1292-1308.
    4. Jiang, Zhujun & Lin, Boqiang, 2014. "The perverse fossil fuel subsidies in China—The scale and effects," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 411-419.
    5. Shen, Yung-Chi & Chou, Chiyang James & Lin, Grace T.R., 2011. "The portfolio of renewable energy sources for achieving the three E policy goals," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 2589-2598.
    6. Häyhä, Tiina & Franzese, Pier Paolo & Ulgiati, Sergio, 2011. "Economic and environmental performance of electricity production in Finland: A multicriteria assessment framework," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 223(1), pages 81-90.
    7. Vesa, Lauri & Palander, Teijo, 2010. "Modeling stump biomass of stands using harvester measurements for adaptive energy wood procurement systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 3717-3721.
    8. Topcu, Ilker & Ülengin, Füsun & Kabak, Özgür & Isik, Mine & Unver, Berna & Onsel Ekici, Sule, 2019. "The evaluation of electricity generation resources: The case of Turkey," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 417-427.
    9. Ratinen, Mari, 2019. "Social embeddedness of policy actors. The failure of consumer-owned wind energy in Finland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 735-743.
    10. Ruggiero, Salvatore & Varho, Vilja & Rikkonen, Pasi, 2015. "Transition to distributed energy generation in Finland: Prospects and barriers," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 433-443.
    11. Pilpola, Sannamari & Lund, Peter D., 2018. "Effect of major policy disruptions in energy system transition: Case Finland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 323-336.
    12. Panula-Ontto, Juha & Luukkanen, Jyrki & Kaivo-oja, Jari & O'Mahony, Tadhg & Vehmas, Jarmo & Valkealahti, Seppo & Björkqvist, Tomas & Korpela, Timo & Järventausta, Pertti & Majanne, Yrjö & Kojo, Matti , 2018. "Cross-impact analysis of Finnish electricity system with increased renewables: Long-run energy policy challenges in balancing supply and consumption," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 504-513.
    13. Celiktas, Melih Soner & Kocar, Gunnur, 2010. "From potential forecast to foresight of Turkey's renewable energy with Delphi approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 1973-1980.
    14. Palander, Teijo, 2011. "Modelling renewable supply chain for electricity generation with forest, fossil, and wood-waste fuels," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 5984-5993.
    15. Palander, Teijo & Voutilainen, Juuso, 2013. "A decision support system for optimal storing and supply of wood in a Finnish CHP plant," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 88-94.
    16. Ren, Yulong & Fu, Shijun, 2010. "A quantitative model of regulator’s preference factor (RPF) in electricity–environment coordinated regulation system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 5185-5191.
    17. Shen, Yung-Chi & Lin, Grace T.R. & Li, Kuang-Pin & Yuan, Benjamin J.C., 2010. "An assessment of exploiting renewable energy sources with concerns of policy and technology," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4604-4616, August.
    18. García, A.E. & Carmona, R.J. & Lienqueo, M.E. & Salazar, O., 2011. "The current status of liquid biofuels in Chile," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 2077-2084.


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