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Potential for reduction of CO2 emissions and a low-carbon scenario for the Brazilian industrial sector


  • Henriques Jr., Mauricio F.
  • Dantas, Fabrício
  • Schaeffer, Roberto


This study discusses the potential for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from energy use by the Brazilian industrial sector in a low-carbon scenario over a horizon until 2030. It evaluates the main mitigation measures, the quantities of this gas avoided and the respective abatement costs. In relation to a benchmark scenario projected for 2030, the reduction of CO2 emissions estimated here can reach 43%, by adopting energy-efficiency measures, materials recycling and cogeneration, shifting from fossil fuels to renewables or less polluting energy sources and eliminating the use of biomass from deforestation. The set of measures studied here would bring emissions reductions of nearly 1.5 billion tCO2 over a period of 20 years (2010-2030). This would require huge investments, but the majority of them would have significant economic return and negative abatement costs. However, in many cases there would be low economic attractiveness and higher abatement costs, thus requiring more effective incentives. Brazil is already carrying out various actions toward the mitigation measures proposed here, but there are still substantial barriers to realize this potential. Therefore, a collective effort from both the public and private sectors is needed for the country to achieve this low-carbon scenario.

Suggested Citation

  • Henriques Jr., Mauricio F. & Dantas, Fabrício & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2010. "Potential for reduction of CO2 emissions and a low-carbon scenario for the Brazilian industrial sector," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 1946-1961, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:4:p:1946-1961

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Szklo, Alexandre & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2007. "Fuel specification, energy consumption and CO2 emission in oil refineries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1075-1092.
    7. Dyer, Caroline H. & Hammond, Geoffrey P. & Jones, Craig I. & McKenna, Russell C., 2008. "Enabling technologies for industrial energy demand management," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4434-4443, December.
    8. Neelis, Maarten & Ramirez-Ramirez, Andrea & Patel, Martin & Farla, Jacco & Boonekamp, Piet & Blok, Kornelis, 2007. "Energy efficiency developments in the Dutch energy-intensive manufacturing industry, 1980-2003," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 6112-6131, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexander T. Dale & André Frossard Pereira de Lucena & Joe Marriott & Bruno Soares Moreira Cesar Borba & Roberto Schaeffer & Melissa M. Bilec, 2013. "Modeling Future Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Environmental Impacts of Electricity Supplies in Brazil," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(7), pages 1-27, July.
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:124-137 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hasanuzzaman, M. & Rahim, N.A. & Hosenuzzaman, M. & Saidur, R. & Mahbubul, I.M. & Rashid, M.M., 2012. "Energy savings in the combustion based process heating in industrial sector," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4527-4536.
    4. Borba, Bruno S.M.C. & Lucena, André F.P. & Rathmann, Régis & Costa, Isabella V.L. & Nogueira, Larissa P.P. & Rochedo, Pedro R.R. & Castelo Branco, David A. & Júnior, Mauricio F.H. & Szklo, Alexandre &, 2012. "Energy-related climate change mitigation in Brazil: Potential, abatement costs and associated policies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 430-441.
    5. Pottmaier, D. & Melo, C.R. & Sartor, M.N. & Kuester, S. & Amadio, T.M. & Fernandes, C.A.H. & Marinha, D. & Alarcon, O.E., 2013. "The Brazilian energy matrix: From a materials science and engineering perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 678-691.
    6. Bi, Kexin & Huang, Ping & Wang, Xiangxiang, 2016. "Innovation performance and influencing factors of low-carbon technological innovation under the global value chain: A case of Chinese manufacturing industry," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 275-284.
    7. Lampreia, João & de Araújo, Maria Silvia Muylaert & de Campos, Christiano Pires & Freitas, Marcos Aurélio V. & Rosa, Luiz Pinguelli & Solari, Renzo & Gesteira, Cláudio & Ribas, Rodrigo & Silva, Neílto, 2011. "Analyses and perspectives for Brazilian low carbon technological development in the energy sector," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(7), pages 3432-3444, September.
    8. Yang, Lisha & Lin, Boqiang, 2016. "Carbon dioxide-emission in China׳s power industry: Evidence and policy implications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 258-267.
    9. Wang, Xiaolei & Lin, Boqiang, 2016. "How to reduce CO2 emissions in China׳s iron and steel industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1496-1505.
    10. repec:eee:enepol:v:114:y:2018:i:c:p:380-393 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Lin, Boqiang & Moubarak, Mohamed, 2014. "Mitigation potential of carbon dioxide emissions in the Chinese textile industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 781-787.
    12. Liu, Zhen & Lieu, Jenny & Zhang, Xiliang, 2014. "The target decomposition model for renewable energy based on technological progress and environmental value," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 70-79.

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