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Concurrent and legacy economic and environmental impacts from establishing a marine energy sector in Scotland

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Listed:
  • Allan, Grant J.
  • Bryden, Ian
  • McGregor, Peter G.
  • Stallard, Tim
  • Kim Swales, J.
  • Turner, Karen
  • Wallace, Robin

Abstract

We examine the economic and environmental impact that the installation of 3Â GW of marine energy capacity would have on Scotland. This is not a forecast, but a projection of the likely effects of meeting the Scottish Government's targets for renewable energy through the development of a marine energy sector. Energy, with a particular focus on renewables, is seen by the Scottish Government as a "key sector", with high growth potential and the capacity to boost productivity (Scottish Government, 2007a. The Government Economic Strategy. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh). The key nature of this sector has been identified through targets being set for renewable energy to achieve environmental and economic benefits. Using a regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of Scotland we show that the development of a marine energy sector can have substantial and beneficial impacts on GDP, employment and the environment over the lifetime of the devices, given the encouragement of strong indigenous inter-industry linkages. Furthermore, there are also substantial "legacy" effects that persist well beyond the design life of the devices.

Suggested Citation

  • Allan, Grant J. & Bryden, Ian & McGregor, Peter G. & Stallard, Tim & Kim Swales, J. & Turner, Karen & Wallace, Robin, 2008. "Concurrent and legacy economic and environmental impacts from establishing a marine energy sector in Scotland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 2734-2753, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:36:y:2008:i:7:p:2734-2753
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    2. Calds, N. & Varela, M. & Santamara, M. & Sez, R., 2009. "Economic impact of solar thermal electricity deployment in Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1628-1636, May.
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    8. Allan, Grant & Gilmartin, Michelle, 2011. "The regional employment impacts of renewable energy expenditures: The case for modelling," SIRE Discussion Papers 2011-72, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    9. Cansino, JM & Cardenete, MA & González-Limón, JM & Román, R, 2013. "Economic impacts of biofuels deployment in Andalusia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 274-282.
    10. J. Cansino & M. Cardenete & J. Gonzalez & M. P. Pablo-Romero, 2013. "Economic impacts of solar thermal electricity technology deployment on Andalusian productive activities: a CGE approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(1), pages 25-47, February.
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    13. de Arce, Rafael & Mahía, Ramón & Medina, Eva & Escribano, Gonzalo, 2012. "A simulation of the economic impact of renewable energy development in Morocco," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 335-345.
    14. Sharay Astariz & Gregorio Iglesias, 2015. "Enhancing Wave Energy Competitiveness through Co-Located Wind and Wave Energy Farms. A Review on the Shadow Effect," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(7), pages 1-23, July.
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    17. Dalton, G.J. & Alcorn, R. & Lewis, T., 2010. "Case study feasibility analysis of the Pelamis wave energy convertor in Ireland, Portugal and North America," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 443-455.
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    21. Cansino, J.M. & Cardenete, M.A. & González-Limón, J.M. & Román, R., 2014. "The economic influence of photovoltaic technology on electricity generation: A CGE (computable general equilibrium) approach for the Andalusian case," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 70-79.

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