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Storage cost induced by a large substitution of nuclear by intermittent renewable energies: The French case

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  • Percebois, Jacques
  • Pommeret, Stanislas

Abstract

This paper explains some adverse effects due to a massive injection of renewables when electricity storage is not available, such as a fall of electricity prices on the spot market or a crowding-out effect for nuclear power stations due to the merit order logic. From the French experience, it presents a model that calculates the additional cost of electricity production when the share of nuclear generation is reduced to 50% instead of 72% today and when, in compensation, renewable energy (wind and solar) is stored either by batteries or by power-to-gas. The simulations minimize the cost of the energy mix by optimizing the electricity storage mix: batteries (daily storage) and Power-to-Gas/Gas-to-Power (seasonal storage). The paper also estimates the negative externalities of intermittent renewable energies that lie in between 44 and 107 €/MWh. It also examines the impact on the merit order when those negative externalities are accounted for. Finally, the simulation results lead us to provide some recommendations concerning R&D electricity storage policy and electricity mix fine tuning.

Suggested Citation

  • Percebois, Jacques & Pommeret, Stanislas, 2019. "Storage cost induced by a large substitution of nuclear by intermittent renewable energies: The French case," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:135:y:2019:i:c:s0301421519306548
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.111067
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    6. Percebois, Jacques & Pommeret, Stanislas, 2021. "Efficiency and dependence in the European electricity transition," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 154(C).
    7. Ozan Korkmaz & Bihrat Önöz, 2022. "Modelling the Potential Impacts of Nuclear Energy and Renewables in the Turkish Energy System," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(4), pages 1-25, February.
    8. Johan Augusto Bocanegra Cifuentes & Davide Borelli & Antonio Cammi & Guglielmo Lomonaco & Mario Misale, 2020. "Lattice Boltzmann Method Applied to Nuclear Reactors—A Systematic Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(18), pages 1-37, September.
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