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An experiment on supply function competition

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  • Bolle, Friedel
  • Grimm, Veronika
  • Ockenfels, Axel
  • del Pozo, Xavier

Abstract

We experimentally investigate key predictions of supply function equilibrium. While, overall, equilibrium organizes bidding behavior well, we observe three important deviations. First, bidding is sensitive to theoretically irrelevant changes of the demand distribution. Second, in a market with symmetric firms we observe tacit collusion in that firms provide less than the predicted quantities. Third, in a market with asymmetric capacities, the larger firm bids more competitively than predicted, while the smaller firms still provide less than equilibrium quantities.

Suggested Citation

  • Bolle, Friedel & Grimm, Veronika & Ockenfels, Axel & del Pozo, Xavier, 2013. "An experiment on supply function competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 170-185.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:63:y:2013:i:c:p:170-185
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.06.006
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Supply function competition; Experiment; Demand uncertainty; Asymmetric firms;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions

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