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Cash remains top-of-wallet! International evidence from payment diaries

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  • Arango-Arango, Carlos A.
  • Bouhdaoui, Yassine
  • Bounie, David
  • Eschelbach, Martina
  • Hernandez, Lola

Abstract

In recent years, many studies have emphasized the cost-saving potential of electronic payments. Yet, cash is still heavily used to pay for point-of-sale transactions in many developed economies. We introduce a model of optimal cash holdings and payments that exploits survey payment diaries from Austria, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United States. Our results provide evidence that differences in incentives, such as the relative cost of cards compared with cash, and differences in ATM withdrawal costs, are key factors explaining why cash remains top-of-wallet across many developed economies. Indeed, we show that once obtained, cash goes first because it ”burns” in consumers’ wallets.

Suggested Citation

  • Arango-Arango, Carlos A. & Bouhdaoui, Yassine & Bounie, David & Eschelbach, Martina & Hernandez, Lola, 2018. "Cash remains top-of-wallet! International evidence from payment diaries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 38-48.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:38-48
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2017.09.002
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    3. Esselink, Henk & Gijsel, Lola Hernandez-van, 2017. "The use of cash by households in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 201, European Central Bank.
    4. Nicole Jonker & Carin van der Cruijsen & Michiel Bijlsma & Wilko Bolt, 2020. "Pandemic payment patterns," DNB Working Papers 701, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    5. Walter blocher & Andreas Hanl & Jochen Michaelis, 2017. "Revolutionieren Kryptowährungen die Zahlungssysteme?," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201748, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    6. Carlos A. Arango-Arango & Nicolás F. Suárez-Ariza, 2019. "Digital Payments Adoption and the Demand for Cash: New International Evidence," Borradores de Economia 1074, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Carlos A. Arango-Arango & Yanneth Rocío Betancourt-García, 2020. "Costos del comercio en el procesamiento de los pagos en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1143, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Carin Cruijsen & Joris Knoben, 2021. "Ctrl+C Ctrl+Pay: Do People Mirror Electronic Payment Behavior of their Peers?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 59(1), pages 69-96, April.
    9. Egor A. Krivosheya, 2018. "Evaluating Efficient Multilateral Interchange Fees: Evidence from End-User Benefits," HSE Working papers WP BRP 66/FE/2018, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    10. Michiel Bijlsma & Carin van der Cruijsen & Nicole Jonker, 2020. "Consumer propensity to adopt PSD2 services: trust for sale?," DNB Working Papers 671, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cash management; Money demand; Payment instruments; ATM access;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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