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Clusters as a driving engine for FDI

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  • Yehoue, Etienne B.

Abstract

This paper develops a model that highlights the importance of clusters for attracting foreign direct investment. It shows from a game theoretical perspective how the combination of setting up a cluster and implementing policy reforms will be a key engine for attracting FDI. Based on agglomeration externalities, the paper shows that the very emergence of clusters can make investment so profitable that investors can even afford to tolerate more policy-induced distortions than otherwise. With perfect information, it shows the existence of multiple equilibria, in which some countries attract FDI while others do not. An extension to the context of imperfect information refines the analysis to a unique equilibrium, in which some investors respond to reforms, while others do not. The paper presents case studies to support the findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Yehoue, Etienne B., 2009. "Clusters as a driving engine for FDI," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 934-945, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:26:y:2009:i:5:p:934-945
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bartels, Frank L. & Napolitano, Francesco & Tissi, Nicola E., 2014. "FDI in Sub-Saharan Africa: A longitudinal perspective on location-specific factors (2003–2010)," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 516-529.

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