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How does real exchange rate influence income inequality between urban and rural areas in China?

  • Guillaumont Jeanneney, S.
  • Hua, P.

The channels through which the real exchange rate influences urban/rural per capita real income inequality are analyzed using yearly data for 28 Chinese provinces. Due to the higher share of tradable goods produced in urban than rural areas, the real depreciation of the Chinese currency raised the urban bias, contrary to the effect usually expected. This rise was, however, mitigated because of the impact of the exchange rate on the urban/rural consumer price ratio, real public wages, and the ratio of industrial/agricultural protection rates. It disappeared for coastal provinces due to the strong development of outward-oriented rural industrial activities.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 64 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 529-545

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Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:64:y:2001:i:2:p:529-545
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  1. Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY & Ping HUA, 1996. "Politique du change et développement des exportations manufacturées en Chine," Working Papers 199601, CERDI.
  2. Knight, J B, 1976. "Devaluation and Income Distribution in Less-Developed Economies," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(2), pages 208-27, July.
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  7. Hare, Denise & West, Loraine A., 1999. "Spatial Patterns in China's Rural Industrial Growth and Prospects for the Alleviation of Regional Income Inequality," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 475-497, September.
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