IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Politique d'ajustement et développement agricole

Listed author(s):
  • Patrick Guillaumont

[fre] Cet article examine les principales relations entre les politiques d'ajustement et les performances agricoles durant les années 80, en considérant plus particulièrement le cas des pays africains. Certes, logiquement, l'ajustement devrait favoriser le développement agricole, mais selon la façon dont elles sont mises en œuvre, les principales mesures de politique économique peuvent ou non conduire aux résultats attendus. Une attention particulière est donnée à la politique du taux de change (une forte dépréciation monétaire paraissant souvent et paradoxalement associée à un déclin des prix réels payés aux producteurs), à la libéralisation du commerce (et aux conditions d'une stabilisation efficace des prix aux producteurs), à la politique budgétaire (la diminution du déficit budgétaire a des conséquences sur le secteur agricole qui varient selon la nature des augmentations d'impôts ou des réductions des dépenses publiques). [eng] Adjustment policy and agricultural development This paper surveys the main relations between adjustment policy and agricultural performance during the eighties, with special focus to African countries. First it shows why logically adjustment may favour agricultural development. Then it considers why the implementation of the main policy measures may not lead to the expected results. Special attention is given to the exchange rate policy (a strong currency depreciation is often associated with a decline in real producer prices), to the trade liberalization (and the conditions of an efficient producer price stabilization) and to the fiscal policy (decreasing fiscal deficit has different consequences on the agricultural sector depending on the tax increases and expenditures cuts).

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

Volume (Year): 216 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 20-29

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1993_num_216_1_4548
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1993.4548
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Patrick Guillaumont & Catherine Bonjean, 1991. "Fonctions de comportement de l'Etat dans la détermination des prix au producteur pour les cultures d'exportation," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 97(1), pages 61-68.
  2. Knudsen, Odin & Nash, John, 1990. "Domestic Price Stabilization Schemes in Developing Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(3), pages 539-558, April.
  3. Lele, Uma, 1989. "Sources of Growth in East African Agriculture," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 3(1), pages 119-144, January.
  4. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney, 1988. "Dévaluer en Afrique ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 25(1), pages 123-143.
  5. William Jaeger & Charles Humphreys, 1988. "The Effect of Policy Reforms on Agricultural Incentives in Sub-Saharan Africa," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 70(5), pages 1036-1043.
  6. Krueger, Anne O & Schiff, Maurice & Valdes, Alberto, 1988. "Agricultural Incentives in Developing Countries: Measuring the Effect of Sectoral and Economywide Policies," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 2(3), pages 255-271, September.
  7. Berg, Elliot, 1989. "The liberalization of rice marketing in Madagascar," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 719-728, May.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1993_num_216_1_4548. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.