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Reducing child aggression through sports intervention: The role of self-control skills and emotions

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  • Shachar, Keren
  • Ronen-Rosenbaum, Tammie
  • Rosenbaum, Michael
  • Orkibi, Hod
  • Hamama, Liat

Abstract

This study examined how sports intervention may reduce aggressive behaviors in children (Grades 3–6), focusing on the relations between acquisition of self-control skills (SCSs) and aggressive behavior through the mediation of thoughts (i.e., hostility) and emotions (i.e., positive and negative). In a sample of 649 Israeli children, 50% were assigned to an experimental group and the remainder to a waitlisted control group. As hypothesized, children in the experimental group reported significantly larger gains in SCSs and significantly larger decreases in physical aggression, hostile thoughts, and negative emotions. Results of structural equation modeling suggested that SCS gains were linked to changes in hostile thoughts, as mediated by changes in both positive and negative emotions. In addition, changes in hostile thoughts were linked to changes in physical aggression through the mediation of changes in anger. Among girls, changes in SCSs were linked directly to changes in physical aggression (with no indirect effect), whereas among boys, changes in SCSs were linked indirectly to changes in physical aggression, through changes in positive and negative emotions. Findings contribute to understanding of possible mechanisms underlying the associations between children's self-control and aggression, with particular implications for the roles of positive and negative emotions.

Suggested Citation

  • Shachar, Keren & Ronen-Rosenbaum, Tammie & Rosenbaum, Michael & Orkibi, Hod & Hamama, Liat, 2016. "Reducing child aggression through sports intervention: The role of self-control skills and emotions," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 241-249.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:71:y:2016:i:c:p:241-249
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.012
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ronen, Tammie & Abuelaish, Izzeldin & Rosenbaum, Michael & Agbaria, Qutaiba & Hamama, Liat, 2013. "Predictors of aggression among Palestinians in Israel and Gaza: Happiness, need to belong, and self-control," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 47-55.
    2. Liat Hamama & Tammie Ronen & Keren Shachar & Michael Rosenbaum, 2013. "Links Between Stress, Positive and Negative Affect, and Life Satisfaction Among Teachers in Special Education Schools," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 731-751, June.
    3. Hamama, Liat & Ronen-Shenhav, Anat, 2012. "Self-control, social support, and aggression among adolescents in divorced and two-parent families," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1042-1049.
    4. Vilhjalmsson, Runar & Kristjansdottir, Gudrun, 2003. "Gender differences in physical activity in older children and adolescents: the central role of organized sport," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 363-374, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aitana Fernández-Sogorb & Ricardo Sanmartín & María Vicent & José Manuel García-Fernández, 2020. "Latent Profiles of Anxious Children and Their Differences in Aggressive Behavior," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-14, July.
    2. Clinkinbeard, Samantha S. & Barnum, Timothy C. & Rhodes, Trisha N., 2018. "The other side of the coin: Exploring the effects of adolescent delinquency on young adult self-control," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 86-97.
    3. Hod Orkibi & Tammie Ronen, 2019. "A Dual-Pathway Model Linking Self-Control Skills to Aggression in Adolescents: Happiness and Time Perspective as Mediators," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 729-742, March.

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