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A Dual-Pathway Model Linking Self-Control Skills to Aggression in Adolescents: Happiness and Time Perspective as Mediators

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  • Hod Orkibi

    (University of Haifa)

  • Tammie Ronen

    (Tel-Aviv University)

Abstract

The World Health Organization has recognized aggressive behavior and violence in adolescence as a global public health problem. This study examined a Dual-Pathway Model that theorizes two pathways through which self-control skills (SCS) may relate to aggression by focusing on two potential mediating cognitive variables: perceived subjective happiness and time perspective (i.e., one’s view of past, present, and future experiences). A sample of 2982 Israeli adolescents (50% boys aged 11–17) completed a battery of questionnaires including SCS, subjective happiness, time perspective, hostility, anger, and physical aggression. The results of a path analysis with the bootstrap method for testing indirect effects indicated a series of variables forming two mediation chains. In the protective pathway, SCS linked positively to happiness that in turn negatively linked with hostility, anger, and physical aggression. At the same time, in the risk factors pathway, SCS linked negatively to unbalanced time perspective that in turn was linked with hostility, anger, and physical aggression. Gender differences were also found, with girls scoring significantly higher than boys on SCS and boys scoring significantly higher than girls on the physical aggression. The results lend initial credence to a Dual-Pathway Model, which may be beneficial in practical interventions geared to help adolescents with low SCS to become not only happier but also more temporally balanced and, ultimately, less aggressive.

Suggested Citation

  • Hod Orkibi & Tammie Ronen, 2019. "A Dual-Pathway Model Linking Self-Control Skills to Aggression in Adolescents: Happiness and Time Perspective as Mediators," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 729-742, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jhappi:v:20:y:2019:i:3:d:10.1007_s10902-018-9967-1
    DOI: 10.1007/s10902-018-9967-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Qutaiba Agbaria & Liat Hamama & Hod Orkibi & Belle Gabriel-Fried & Tammie Ronen, 2016. "Multiple Mediators for Peer-Directed Aggression and Happiness in Arab Adolescents Exposed to Parent–child Aggression," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 9(3), pages 785-803, September.
    2. Ronen, Tammie & Abuelaish, Izzeldin & Rosenbaum, Michael & Agbaria, Qutaiba & Hamama, Liat, 2013. "Predictors of aggression among Palestinians in Israel and Gaza: Happiness, need to belong, and self-control," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 47-55.
    3. Maciej Stolarski & Gerald Matthews & Sławomir Postek & Philip Zimbardo & Joanna Bitner, 2014. "How We Feel is a Matter of Time: Relationships Between Time Perspectives and Mood," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 809-827, August.
    4. Hamama, Liat & Ronen-Shenhav, Anat, 2012. "Self-control, social support, and aggression among adolescents in divorced and two-parent families," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1042-1049.
    5. Sonja Lyubomirsky & Heidi Lepper, 1999. "A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 137-155, February.
    6. Chapple, Constance L. & Vaske, Jamie & Hope, Trina L., 2010. "Sex differences in the causes of self-control: An examination of mediation, moderation, and gendered etiologies," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 1122-1131, November.
    7. Jia Zhang & Ryan Howell & Maciej Stolarski, 2013. "Comparing Three Methods to Measure a Balanced Time Perspective: The Relationship Between a Balanced Time Perspective and Subjective Well-Being," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 169-184, March.
    8. Hod Orkibi & Efrat Dafner, 2016. "Exposure to Risk Factors and the Subjective Wellbeing of Adolescents: the Mediating Role of Time Perspective," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 9(3), pages 663-682, September.
    9. Shachar, Keren & Ronen-Rosenbaum, Tammie & Rosenbaum, Michael & Orkibi, Hod & Hamama, Liat, 2016. "Reducing child aggression through sports intervention: The role of self-control skills and emotions," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 241-249.
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