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Corporate investment, government control, and financing channels: Evidence from China's Listed Companies

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  • Firth, Michael
  • Malatesta, Paul H.
  • Xin, Qingquan
  • Xu, Liping

Abstract

We investigate the relation between the internally generated cash flows and fixed asset investments of Chinese firms and find that it is U-shaped. Cash flow and investment are negatively related for low levels of cash flow but positively related for high levels of cash flow. We find that government controlled listed firms have greater investment–cash flow sensitivities than do privately controlled listed companies, especially on the left-hand side of the U-shaped curve where cash flow is negative. However, the difference in sensitivities appears only among firms that possess few profitable investment opportunities. We attribute this finding to the government having multiple socio-economic objectives, which leads to increased capital expenditures by the firms it controls when internal funds are abundant and when internal funds are negative. There is no evidence that access to finance and soft budget constraints explain the differences between the investment–cash flow sensitivities of government controlled and privately controlled listed firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Firth, Michael & Malatesta, Paul H. & Xin, Qingquan & Xu, Liping, 2012. "Corporate investment, government control, and financing channels: Evidence from China's Listed Companies," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 433-450.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:18:y:2012:i:3:p:433-450 DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2012.01.004
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    Cited by:

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    3. Jiang, Zhan & Kim, Kenneth A., 2013. "Financial management in China," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, pages 125-133.
    4. Firth, Michael & He, Xianjie & Rui, Oliver M. & Xiao, Tusheng, 2014. "Paragon or pariah? The consequences of being conspicuously rich in China's new economy," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, pages 430-448.
    5. Teng Lin & Marion Hutchinson & Majella Percy, 2015. "Earnings management and the role of the audit committee: an investigation of the influence of cross-listing and government officials on the audit committee," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 19(1), pages 197-227, February.
    6. Nagano, Mamoru, 2016. "The bank–firm relationship during economic transition: The impacts on bank performance in emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 117-139.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate investment; Government control; Cash flows; Financing channels; China;

    JEL classification:

    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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